Meta Data
Title in national language: 
能源发展战略行动计划(2014-2020年)
Draft: 
No
Revision of previous policy?: 
No
Draft Year: 
2014
Effective Start Year: 
2014
Effective End Year: 
2020
Scope: 
National
Document Type: 
Plan/Strategy
Economic Sector: 
Energy
Energy Types: 
All
Issued by: 
State Council of China
Notes: 
English google translation
Overall Summary: 
Outlines strategy to achieve energy conservation, domestic energy security and push forward low-carbon strategies. Document covers fossil fuel and renewable energy, rural energy access, technology and innovation, and energy market measures.
Access
Energy access priorities: 
Vigorously develop rural small hydropower[...].
Energy access action plan: 
Implementation of livelihood projects gasification city. New natural gas should be a priority to protect residents and alternative dispersion of coal, the implementation of urban residents with clean energy plan to organize in 2020, urban residents basic use natural gas.
Consumer subsidies: 
Implementation of differentiated energy pricing policy.
Efficiency
EE priorities: 
Promote energy conservation in key areas and key links, reasonably control of the total energy consumption with less energy consumption and rapid economic and social development support. --- Accelerate the development of pure electric vehicles, hybrid vehicles and ships, natural gas vehicles and ships, and expand the scale of alternative transportation fuels. ---[H]igh energy-consuming industries and industries with excess capacity shall implement the total energy consumption control and strong constraints, other industries shall implement strong constraint by advanced energy efficiency standards, energy efficiency of existing capacity should have deadlines for compliance, and must comply with domestic production capacity advanced energy efficiency standards. --Strictly control the excessive growth of energy consumption. ---Adjust and optimize the economic structure, change the energy consumption concept, and strengthen the industrial, transportation, building energy efficiency and demand-side management, attention to life saving, and strictly control the excessive growth of total energy consumption, effectively reversing the extensive energy use, and constantly improve energy efficiency.
EE targets: 
Implement an energy saving old coal unit upgrade project, serving 600,000 kilowatts (except air-cooled units) and strive for coal-powered unit efficiency, within 5 years decrease to approximately 300 grams of coal per kilowatt-hour.
EE action plans: 
Implementation of industrial energy efficiency action plan. Strictly limit the high energy-consuming industries and excess industrial expansion, accelerate the elimination of backward production capacity, the implementation of ten key energy conservation projects, carry out low-carbon energy action million businesses. Implementation motors, internal combustion engines, boilers and other key energy equipment energy efficiency improvement programs to promote the use of waste heat and pressure of industrial enterprises. Further promote the industrial demand-side management, and actively develop high-efficiency boilers and high-efficiency motors, promoting end-use energy efficiency improvement and key energy industry energy efficiency benchmarking standards.Earnestly carry out environmental impact assessment of new projects and energy efficiency assessment review. --Action Plan for the implementation of green building. Strengthening building energy planning, implementation of building energy efficiency upgrade project, the implementation of 75 percent of the residential building energy efficiency design standards as soon as possible, accelerate the construction of green buildings and the renovation of existing buildings, the implementation of public building energy consumption limits and green building rating and labeling system, promote energy appliances and green lighting, and actively promote the construction of new energy city.Develop low-carbon eco-city and green eco-city, to 2020, the urban green building new buildings accounted for the proportion reached 50%. Accelerate heat metering reform, new buildings heat metering and transformation of existing buildings through the implementation of heat metering and charging. --Action Plan for the implementation of green transport. Improve the overall transportation system planning, accelerate the construction of an integrated transportation system. Actively promote clean energy pace of automotive and marine industries, improve vehicle fuel economy standards and environmental standards. Accelerate the development of rail and water transport and other resource-saving and environment-friendly mode of transport, promoting the main urban agglomeration intercity railway construction. To develop urban public transport, walking and cycling to strengthen urban transportation system construction, improve public travel and the proportion of non-motorized travel. --Implementation of the new town, new energy, new life plan of action. Scientific establishment of urban planning, urban space layout optimization, to promote information technology, low-carbon and Urbanization of the depth of integration, the construction of low-carbon smart cities and towns. To develop a comprehensive energy plan town, to develop distributed energy, scientific development of cogeneration, encourage qualified regional development CCHP, the development of wind, solar, biomass, geothermal heating.
EE lighting and mechanical system standards: 
Further promote the industrial demand-side management, and actively develop high-efficiency boilers and high-efficiency motors, promoting end-use energy efficiency improvement and key energy industry energy efficiency benchmarking standards.
EE industry standards: 
High energy-consuming industries and industries with excess capacity shall implement the total energy consumption control and strong constraints, other industries shall implement strong constraint by advanced energy efficiency standards, energy efficiency of existing capacity should have deadlines for compliance, and must comply with domestic production capacity advanced energy efficiency standards.
EE building standards: 
Strengthening building energy planning, implementation of building energy efficiency upgrade project, the implementation of 75 percent of the residential building energy efficiency design standards as soon as possible. --Develop low-carbon eco-city and green eco-city, to 2020, the urban green building new buildings accounted for the proportion reached 50%.
Energy Service Companies (ESCOs): 
Strengthen energy demand side management, implementation of the contract energy management, fostering energy efficiency services and energy service companies, the implementation of energy audit system. Fixed asset investment projects sound energy assessment review system, the implementation of energy efficiency "leader" system.
EE public awareness/promotional programmes: 
National Energy Action Plan implementation, strengthen publicity and education, popularization of energy-saving knowledge, the promotion of new energy-saving technologies, new products, and vigorously promote green lifestyle guide residents scientific rational use of energy, so saving energy has become the conscious action of the whole society.
Renewable Energy
RE priorities: 
A substantial increase in wind, solar, geothermal and other renewable energy sources and nuclear power consumption ratio, formation of our country to adapt, scientific and rational energy consumption structure, significantly reducing energy consumption emissions and promote the construction of ecological civilization. ---Strengthen research and demonstration of advanced biomass technologies, focusing on the development of a new generation of non-grain fuel ethanol and biodiesel, ahead of the deployment of microalgae oil technology development and demonstration. -- Vigorously develop renewable energy sources with equal emphasis on both centralized and distributed development. ---Actively develop hydropower. ---Develop wind power.---Accelerate the development of solar power. ---Actively develop geothermal, biomass and ocean energy. --Improve the level of utilization of renewable energy within grids.
RE targets: 
By 2020, non-fossil fuels in primary energy consumption reaches 15%, the proportion of natural gas share of more than 10%, the proportion of coal consumption control in less than 62%. --By 2020, strive for conventional hydropower installed capacity reaching about 350 million kilowatts. --By 2020, the PV installed capacity reached about 100 million kilowatts. --By 2020, geothermal energy utilization reaches 50 million tons of coal equivalent.
RE action plans: 
Actively develop hydropower. In good ecological protection and resettlement under the premise of the Southwest Jinsha, Yalong, Dadu River, Lancang River and other rivers as the focus, and actively promote the orderly large hydropower bases. Local conditions to develop small and medium sized power plants, pumped storage power plant to carry out the planning and construction, strengthen water resources utilization.---Develop wind power. Focus on planning and construction of Jiuquan, western Inner Mongolia, eastern Inner Mongolia, northern Hebei, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Shandong, Hami, Jiangsu and nine large modern wind power base and supporting transmission project. In southern and eastern regions, vigorously develop decentralized wind power, and steady development of offshore wind power. ---Accelerate the development of solar power. Photovoltaic bases orderly, well synchronized and centralized place elimination Donnelly sent by channel construction. Accelerate the construction of distributed photovoltaic demonstration area, the steady implementation of solar thermal power demonstration project. Strengthening solar power generation and network services. Encourage large public buildings and public facilities, industrial parks distributed PV roof construction. By 2020, the PV installed capacity reached about 100 million kilowatts of photovoltaic power generation and grid sales price considerably.---Actively develop geothermal, biomass and ocean energy. Adhere to balanced, according to local conditions, diversified development approach, orderly conduct of geothermal energy, ocean energy resource survey, the development of biomass and geothermal energy development and utilization planning, and actively promote geothermal, biomass and ocean energy, clean and efficient use, the promotion of biomass energy and geothermal heating, geothermal and ocean to carry out power generation demonstration project. By 2020, geothermal energy utilization reached 50 million tons of standard coal. ---Improve the level of utilization of renewable energy. Strengthen the power grid overall planning, scientific organization of peaking, FM, storage supporting capacity, effectively solve abandoned wind, abandoned water, abandoned light problem. ---Improve the level of utilization of renewable energy. Strengthen the power grid overall planning, scientific organization of peaking, frequency modulation, storage supporting capacity, effectively solve abandoned wind, abandoned water, abandoned light problem.
Environment
Energy environmental priorities: 
Significantly reduce energy consumption emissions and promote the construction of ecological civilization. ---Reduce the share of coal consumption. --Earnestly carry out environmental impact assessment of new projects.
Decarbonization strategy: 
Promote the clean and efficient development and utilization of coal. --Reduce the share of coal consumption.
Green finance: 
Study and formulate development incentives to promote green credit policy.
Pricing
Energy taxation: 
Improve the energy tax policy. Accelerate resource tax reform, tax legislation and actively promote the clearance fees, and gradually expand the scope of ad valorem resource tax. Study links to adjust energy consumption tax levy and tax rate, part of the high energy consumption, high pollution products included in the scope of charge. Improve energy conservation tax policies, establish and improve the ecological compensation mechanism to accelerate the environmental tax legislation, explore the establishment of a green tax system.
Energy pricing: 
Promote energy price reform. Advancing the field of oil, gas, electricity and other price reforms, liberalization and orderly competitive price segment, natural gas wellhead prices and sales prices, price and sale price by the market, transmission and distribution of electricity and the price of oil and gas pipeline by the government pricing.
Energy Supply and Infrastructure
Infrastructure development priorities: 
Steadily increase domestic oil production. ---Vigorously develop renewable energy sources with equal emphasis on both centralized and distributed development. ---Develop natural gas. ---Actively develop hydropower. ---Accelerate the development of solar power. ---Actively develop geothermal, biomass and ocean energy. --Improve the level of utilization of renewable energy within grids.---Speed ​​up the natural gas pipeline network and gas storage facilities. Speed up the construction of natural gas pipelines and storage facilities, the formation of the inlet channel, the national natural gas trunk pipeline network and the main production areas connecting consumer areas under the patterns of West-East Gas Pipeline, North-South Pipeline and Sea-Land Gas Pipeline. By 2020, natural gas trunk pipeline mileage reaches 120,000 kilometers or more.---Promote the clean and efficient development and utilization of coal. ---Improve the energy structure of the eastern region and encourage the development of competitive new energy and renewable energy. ---Actively promote the natural gas hydrate resource exploration and evaluation. ---Develop wind power. Focus on planning and construction of Jiuquan, western Inner Mongolia, eastern Inner Mongolia, northern Hebei, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Shandong, Hami, Jiangsu and nine large modern wind power bases and supporting transmission projects. In southern and eastern regions, vigorously develop decentralized wind power and steadily develop offshore wind power. By 2020, wind power installed capacity reaches 200 million kilowatts, balancing the tariff of wind power and coal power at the same level. ---Deepen the reform of key areas and key links. Focus on promoting grid construction and operation of oil and gas pipeline network system, power grids and oil and gas pipelines clear functional orientation, the gradual establishment of fair access, supply and demand-oriented, reliable and flexible electricity and gas transmission networks. Accelerate the pace of reform power, promote direct trading of supply and demand sides, to build a competitive electricity market.
Cross-border energy infrastructure: 
Expand international cooperation in energy. Co-ordinate the use of domestic and international resources and markets, insist on practicing both investments and trades and on using both water and land pathways.speed up the design and the practice of the long-term planning of overseas energy resources use. Put efforts into expand the inlet channel and focus on building the Silk Road economic belt, the 21st century maritime silk road, BCIM Pakistan Economic Corridor Economic Corridor and actively support energy technology, equipment and engineering teams to "go [abroad]."
Regional integration priorities: 
Establishment of a regional energy market.
Trade
Energy trade priorities: 
Strengthen the cooperation and construction between five major energy region of Russia Central Asia, the Middle East, Africa, the Americas and Asia-Pacific to deepen bilateral and multilateral international energy cooperation, and to establishment of a regional energy market. ---Expand the scale of natural gas imports. Increase LNG and pipeline gas import intensity.
Investment
Energy sector investment priorities: 
Steadily implement coal oil, coal gas demonstration projects. ---Accelerate energy technology innovation system. Development of national energy technology innovation and energy equipment development strategy.Establish a business-oriented, market-oriented, government research with innovation system combining. Encourage the establishment of a diversified energy technology venture capital fund.Strengthen energy team building talent, encourage the introduction of high-end talent, cultivate a number of energy technology leading talent. ---Improve energy investment and industrial policies. Give full play to the role of the market on the basis of geological exploration to expand the fund size, key support and guide the unconventional and deepwater oil and gas resource development and international cooperation, and improve strategic, cutting-edge scientific research and generic technology research and major government on the basis of support mechanisms and equipment. Perfect peak FM alternate compensation policy, the implementation of energy and power and full protection of the quota system acquisition policies and supporting measures for renewable. ---Encourage banking institutions in accordance with risk control, the principles of sustainable business, and increase support for energy conservation and efficiency, energy and resource use, and clean energy projects. Study and formulate development incentives to promote green credit policy.
Governance
Energy management principles: 
Strengthen the organization and leadership. Give full play to the leading role of the National Energy Commission, to strengthen the major strategic issues of energy research and deliberation, guiding the implementation of this action plan to promote. Energy Board to effectively fulfill the responsibilities of the Office of the National Energy Commission, the organization and coordination of various departments to develop implementation details. ---Strengthening emergency reserve capacity.
M&E of policy implementation: 
Strengthen supervision and inspection. Office of the National Energy Commission to closely follow the progress of work, mastery goal task is completed, the urge of the measures carried out, to see results. In the implementation process, to regularly organize inspection and appraisal assessment, timely reporting of major State Department.
Technology
Clean energy technology priorities: 
According to the innovation mechanism, solid foundation, advanced deployment across the principle focus, strengthen scientific and technological innovation, encourage the introduction of absorption and innovation, to create an upgraded version of the energy technology innovation, building an energy technology powerhouse. -- Seize the strategic direction of green energy, low carbon and intellectual development around safety, optimize the structure and long-term goals such as energy saving, establish unconventional and deepwater oil and gas exploration and development, clean and efficient use of coal, distributed energy, smart grid, a new generation of nuclear power, advanced renewable energy nine focus areas of innovation, energy saving, energy storage, basic materials, specifically shale gas, coal bed methane, shale oil, deepwater oil and gas, coal processing, coal-fired energy saving high parameters , integrated gasification combined cycle power generation, gas turbines, modern power grid, advanced nuclear power, photovoltaic, solar thermal power, wind power, biofuels, geothermal energy, ocean energy power generation, natural gas hydrates, large capacity storage, hydrogen and fuel cells, 20 focuses on innovative basic materials, such as the direction of energy, corresponding to carry shale gas, coalbed methane, deepwater oil and gas development and other major demonstration projects.---Adhere to the simultaneous development of non-fossil energy sources and fossil energy efficiency and clean use, gradually reduce the proportion of coal consumption, increase gas consumption share. ---Actively promote the natural gas hydrate resource exploration and evaluation.
Gas-to-power technology: 
Moderate development of natural gas to generate electricity. In Beijing, Tianjin and Shandong, the Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta region and other key air pollution prevention and control, and orderly development of natural gas peaking power plants, combined heat load demand moderate development of gas - steam combined cycle cogeneration.
Low-emission and cleaner coal technology: 
Promote the clean and efficient development and utilization of coal. According to secure, green, intensive, efficient principle, accelerate the development of clean coal development and utilization of technology and constantly improve the level of development and utilization of clean and efficient coal. --- Changes in coal use, focus on improving the efficiency of coal concentration power ratio. Improve the access standard of coal units, new coal-fired power generators coal consumption of less than 300 grams per kilowatt-hour of coal, gas emission levels of pollutants close to the unit. ---Improve the level of use of clean coal. Development and implementation of clean and efficient coal-use planning, and actively promote the use of coal fractionation cascade quality, increase the proportion of coal washing, encourage low calorific value coal and other clean coal and low quality coal in situ conversion and utilization. Establish and improve coal quality management system, strengthen the coal development, processing and conversion and use of supervision and management. Strengthen quality control of imported coal. Significantly reduce the direct combustion of coal dispersed, encourage the use of clean coal and coal in rural areas. --- Steadily implement coal oil, coal gas demonstration project.
Low-emission and cleaner oil technology: 
Strengthen research and demonstration of advanced biomass technologies, focusing on the development of a new generation of non-grain fuel ethanol and biodiesel, ahead of the deployment of microalgae oil technology development and demonstration.
Advanced fuel extraction technology: 
Actively develop advanced oil recovery technology, and strive to increase storage potential, enhanced oil recovery, maintaining output stability. --Accelerate the growth of conventional natural gas reserves and production, breaking the bottleneck in the development of unconventional natural gas as soon as possible. --Strengthen shale gas geological research, accelerate the "factory", "complete set" of technology development and application of advanced and applicable explore the formation of shale gas exploration and development technologies and business models, foster innovation and equipment manufacturing capacity. --Rely on major projects to drive innovation.
Natural gas transportation technology: 
With the state gas development layout, to develop long-term natural gas transportation development plan, accelerating the construction of natural gas filling stations facilities, urban taxis, buses, focusing on the positive and orderly development of liquefied natural gas vehicles and compressed natural gas vehicles, family cars and steadily develop natural gas , intercity buses, heavy trucks and boats. ----Speed ​​up the natural gas pipeline network and gas storage facilities, [...], the formation of the inlet channel, the national natural gas trunk pipeline network and the main production areas connecting consumer areas under the patterns of West-East Gas Pipeline, North-South Pipeline and Sea-Land Gas Pipeline. By 2020, natural gas trunk pipeline mileage reaches 120,000 kilometers or more.
Industrialization support: 
Rely on major projects to drive innovation. Rely on offshore oil and gas and unconventional oil and gas exploration and development, efficient and clean use of coal, advanced nuclear power, renewable energy development, smart grid and other major energy projects to speed up scientific and technological achievements, to accelerate energy equipment manufacturing innovation platform to support advanced energy technology and equipment "to go out "to form internationally competitive industrial system of energy equipment. --Encourage the establishment of a diversified energy technology venture capital fund.