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State Council on the issuance of Energy Development Strategic Action Plan (2014-2020 year)
Guo Ban Fa  No. 31
Provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities, wagons, agencies directly under:
"Energy Development Strategy Action Plan (2014-2020)" has been agreed to by the State Council, is issued to you, please carefully implement.
State Council June 7, 2014
(This article has been adjusted. )
Energy Development Strategic Action Plan (2014-2020 years)
Energy is the basis of modernism and dynamism. Energy supply and security is related to the overall situation of China's modernization. Since the new century, energy development achievements of China's remarkable ability to steadily increase the supply of energy to optimize the structure, to achieve effective energy conservation, technological progress has taken new steps, international cooperation has achieved new breakthroughs and built the world's largest energy supply system, effective protecting sustainable economic and social development.
Currently, both the world's political and economic structures and energy supply and demand relations have undergone profound changes. Our growing energy resource constraints, outstanding environmental issues, and increasing pressure in structural adjustments, energy efficiency improvements and energy security havw left a series of new problems and new challenges to energy development. Meanwhile, with thepotential for China's renewable energy, unconventional and deepwater oil and gas resource development, new breakthroughs in energy technology innovations , and the deepening of international cooperation in energy, the energy development in China is facing a rare opportunity.
From now until 2020 is a critical period of building a moderately prosperous society and an important period of strategic opportunities for energy development and transformation. This action plan aims to implement spirit from the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, to promote energy production and consumption revolution, to build China's energy upgrades, to strenghten a mandabtary overall planning, to clarify the leading direction and programmes of China's energy development, and to push forward the development of energy innovation, security, and science.
I. Overall strategy
(A) Guiding ideology.
Hold high the great banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics, Deng Xiaoping Theory and Three Represents, and the Scientific Outlook on Development as guidance; thoroughly apply the spitits of the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China and of the Second Session and the Third Session of the 18th Cental Commitee; fully implement all desicions and arrangement from the CPC Central Commitee and the State Department's with the focus on broadening the sources of new resource, reducing expenses, and cutting emissions to ensure the secuirty of energy supply, transformation of the energy development paths, adjust and optimize the energy structure, innovate energy systems and mechanisms, and strive to improve energy efficiency, and strictly control the excessive growth of energy consumption efforts to develop clean energy, promote green energy development, put efforts to promote scientific and technological progress, and effectively improve the core competitiveness of the energy industry, to build China's energy upgrade, to achieve the great rejuvenation of the Chinese dream of providing safe and reliable energy security.
(B) Strategic objectives and targets.
Adhere to the "saving, clean and safe" strategic approach, accelerate the construction of a clean, efficient, safe, and sustainable modern energy system. Focus on the implementation of four strategies:
1. The conservation priority strategies. The conservation priority throughout the economic and social development of the whole process and energy, intensive development of energy efficiency, scientific and rational use of energy, greatly improve the energy efficiency, speed up the adjustment and optimization of the economic structure, promote energy conservation in key areas and key links, reasonable control of the total energy consumption with less energy consumption and rapid economic and social development support.
By 2020, total primary energy consumption is controled at about 4.8 billion tons mtoe, and coal consumption is about 4.2 billion tons.
2. Based on the domestic strategy. Adhere to reliance on domestic supply as the main channel for domestic energy security, and firmly grasp the initiative. Play domestic resources, technology, equipment and personnel to strengthen the exploration and development of domestic energy resources, to improve energy alternatives and reserve emergency systems and to enhance energy supply capacity. Strengthen international cooperation to improve the quality level of energy security, accelerate the construction of oil and gas inlet channel strategy, maintaining energy security in an open pattern.
By 2020, establish the basic form of a relatively complete system of energy security. Domestic primary energy production reaches 42 million tons of coal, energy self-sufficiency remaines at about 85 percent, oil reserve-production ratio increases to 14-15, the energy reserves of the emergency response system is basically completed.
3. The green low-carbon strategies. Put ffforts to optimize the energy structure, set the development of clean energy as the main direction of low-carbon energy structure adjustment. Adhere to the simultaneous development of non-fossil energy sources and fossil energy efficiency and clean use, gradually reduce the proportion of coal consumption, increase gas consumption share, a substantial increase in wind, solar, geothermal and other renewable energy sources and nuclear power consumption ratio, formation of our country to adapt, scientific and rational energy consumption structure, significantly reducing energy consumption emissions and promote the construction of ecological civilization.
By 2020, non-fossil fuels in primary energy consumption reaches15%, the proportion of natural gas shares of more than 10%, the proportion of coal consumption control is less than 62%.
4. The innovation-driven strategy. Deepen institutional energy reform, accelerate the pace of key areas and key links of reform, development of institutional mechanisms to improve energy science, and give full play a decisive role in the energy market in the allocation of resources. Establish the ideology that tecnology determines the future of energy and creates the energy of the future; adhere to both pursuant and leap-forward development models; strenghten the establishment of the energy innovation tecnology system; rely on majot projects to promote independent scientific and tecnological innovation to build energy technological power; approach the energy, science and technology in general close to the world advanced level.
By 2020, have the basic formation of a unified, open, competitive and orderly modern market system energy.
II. Main task
(A) to enhance energy independence support capabilities.
Base on domestic capacity building to strengthen energy supply, and constantly improve the ability of self-control dependence on foreign energy sources.
1. Promote clean and efficient development and utilization of coal.
According to secure, green, intensive, efficient principle, accelerate the development and untilization of clean coal and constantly improve the level of such development and utilization.
Develop coal power in clean and effcient manners. Transform the usage of coal power; focus on increasing the ration of concentrated and efficient coal power generating. Raise the industry access standards of coal motors; establish standerlized coal for coal-fired power generators that consume less than 300 grams coal per kilowatt-hour, pollutant emission levels approaching those of the gas-fired generating units.
Promote the construction of major thoroughfare and bases for coal power. Based on the characteristics of the regional distribution of water resources and ecological environment carrying capacity, strict coal mining industry access standards in terms of environmental protection and safety, promote underground backfilling, water keeping and other green mining technologies, focus on the construction 14 million ton large-scale coal bases including Shanxi Province, Jinzhong, Jindong, Shendong, northern Shaanxi, Huanglong, Ningdong, Luxi, Huai River, Yunnan, Guizhou, central Hebei, Henan, eastern Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang, which accounts for 95% of total national coal producation by 2020. Adopt the most advanced energy- and water-saving and environmental-protective tecnology in electricity genration, focus on the construction of nine 10MW large-scale coal power generating bases in the Xilingol League, Ordos, Shanxi Province, Jinzhong, Jindong, Shaanxi, Hami, quasi-East, Ning Dong.Develop long-distance and high-capacity transmission technology to expand the scale of the West-East eletricity transmission project and to implement the North-South electricity transmission project. Strengthen railway construction for coal transportation, with a foucus on building the railway coal channel from western region of Inner Mogolia to central China and on completing the West-East coal trasportation. By 2020, the national coal transport capacity reaches 30 million tons.
Improve the level of clean coal untilization. Develop and implement clean and efficient coal-use plan, and actively promote classification of coal quality and level-grading of coal utilzation, increase the proportion of coal washing, encourage in situ conversion and clean utilization of low heat value coal and low quality coal. Establish and improve coal quality management system, strengthen the supervision and management process of coal development, processing and conversion, and utilization. Strengthen quality control of imported coal. Significantly reduce the direct and dispersed combustion of coal, encourage the use of clean coal and briquettes in rural areas.
2. Steadily increase domestic oil production.
Adhere to both onshore and offshore production, consolidate old oil fields, develop new oil fields and offshore oil field, strongly support low-grade resource development, construct nine 10 million-ton large-scale oil fields in Daqing, Liaohe, Xinjiang, Tarim, victory, Changqing, the Bohai Sea, and South China Sea.
Stablize production in eastern mature oilfields. Focusing on Songliao basin, Bohai Bay Basin, deepen and refine the oil expoloration, and actively develop advanced oil recovery technique, strive to increase oil reserves and to exploit potentialities, enhance oil recovery, maintain output stability.
Achieve increasing oil reserves and production in Western China. Focusing on Tarim Basin, Ordos Basin, the Junggar Basin, and Qaidam Basin, strenghthen the efforts in oil and gas exploration and development, promote the use of advanced technology, and strive to prove more high-quality reserves, and increase oil production. Strenghten the efforsts in oil and gas explorations, geological researchs and technology developments in Qiangtang Basin, and develop new reserves and production growth in the region.
Speed up offshore oil development. In accordance with the guidelines simutanouesly emphasizing suplying the far from near, combining both near and far, independent development, and external copperation, strengthen the offshore oil and gas exploration in Bohai Sea, East China Sea and South China Sea, etc., strengthen the tracking and the analysis of the deepwater oil and gas exploration and development in South China Sea, and actively promote external bidding and cooperation on the deep sea development, promptly achieve technological breakthrough in deep-sea oil exploration and in independent equipment manufacturing capacity, greatly enhance the offshore oil and gas production.
Greatly support low-grade resource development. Establish model low-grade resource development projects, encourage the development and the marketization transfer of conventioanl reservoirs and peak oil, support the use of technical services, general contracting and other ways to develop low-grade resources.
3. Develop natural gas.
In accordance with the simutaneous development of land and sea and the simutaneous emphaisis on conventional and ununconvertional reservoirs, accelerate the growth of conventional natural gas reserves and production, promptly achieve tecnological breakthrough in unconventional natural gas exploration, and boost natural gas reservastion and production.
Accelerate conventional natural gas exploration and development. Focusing on the Sichuan Basin, the Ordos Basin, the Tarim Basin and the South China Sea, strengthen technological breakthorughs in three major areas including low-grade resources in western China, deep-level resources in eastern China, and offshore and deepwater resources, increase exploration and development efforts, and strive to achieve the major breakthroughs and discoveries, build eight large-scale natural gas production bases that each annually produce ten billion cubic meters or more. By 2020, total conventional natural gas proved reserve increases by 5.5 trillion cubic meters; annual conventional gas production reaches 185 billion cubic meters.
Achieve key breakthroughs in shale gas and coalbed methane exploration. Strengthen geological researches on shale gas, accelerate the industrialization and systemization of technological developments and utilizations, develop technological and business modes that are applicable to shale gas exploration and development, foster innovation and equipment manufacturing capacity. Increase oil reserves and expand production scales in national demonstration zones such as Sichuan Changning - Weiyuan, Chongqing Fuling, Yun'nan Zhaotong, and Shanxi Yan'an, as well as seeking breakthroughs in Hunan, Hubei, Yunnan, Guizhou, Jiangsu, Anhui and other regions. By 2020, shale gas production are expected to reach 30 billion cubic meters. Focusing on the Qinshui Basin and the eastern margin of the Ordos Basin, increase support and accelerate the pace of exploration and exploitation of Coal-bed methane. By 2020, coal-bed methane production reaches 30 billion cubic meters.
Actively promote the natural gas hydrate resource exploration and evaluation. Enhance research efforts in gas hydrate exploration and development, foster core technology in independent intellectual property rights, and actively promote trial productions.
4. Development of alternative energy.
Adhere to replace coal-based, raw material substitution and alternative transportation pronged approach, the scientific development of oil alternatives. By 2020, formation of more than 40 million tons of oil replacement capacity.
Steadily implement coal oil, coal gas demonstration project. Cleaning efficiency, the amount of water line, scientific layout, highlighting the demonstration, the principle of independent innovation, Xinjiang, Inner Mongolia, Shaanxi, Shanxi and other places as the focus, and steadily push forward coal oil, coal gas technology development and industrialization demonstration project to upgrade master the core technology, strict control of energy consumption, water consumption and pollutant emissions, the formation of an appropriate scale coal-based alternative fuel capability.
Actively develop alternative transportation fuels. Strengthen research and demonstration of advanced biomass technologies, focusing on the development of a new generation of non-grain fuel ethanol and biodiesel, ahead of the deployment of microalgae oil technology development and demonstration. Accelerate the development of pure electric vehicles, hybrid vehicles and ships, natural gas vehicles and ships, and expand the scale of alternative transportation fuels.
5. Strength the emergency reserve capacity building.
Improve the energy reserve system, the establishment of the national reserve and enterprise reserves combined reserves of strategic reserves and production operations of both the reserve system, establish a sound national energy emergency protection system, improve energy security capabilities.
Expand the size of oil reserves. Completion of the second phase of the National Petroleum Reserve, started three projects, to encourage private capital to participate in the reserves and build a corporate obligation reserve, encourage the development of commercial reserves.
The ability to increase natural gas reserves. Accelerate natural gas storage, and encouraging the development of enterprises commercial reserves to support enterprises to participate in gas production peaking, increase the scale and emergency gas peaking capacity.
Establishment of coal resources and reserves of scarce species. Encourage high-quality, scarcity of imported coal resources, coal shortage areas and support enterprises in the construction of a transit hub coal storage facilities, improve coal contingency reserve system.
Improve the energy emergency system. Enhance energy security of information security and decision support for capacity-building, and gradually establish a focus on energy and energy-channel emergency command varieties and integrated management system to improve forecasting and early warning and prevention of and response levels.
(B) Promote an energy consumer revolution.
Adjust and optimize the economic structure, change the energy consumption concept, and strengthen the industrial, transportation, building energy efficiency and demand-side management, attention energy saving, and strictly control the excessive growth of total energy consumption, effectively reversing the extensive energy use, and constantly improve energy efficiency.
1. Strictly control the excessive growth of energy consumption.
According to the principle of differentiation, combined with regional and industry energy use characteristics, and strictly control the excessive growth of energy consumption, effectively change the way energy development and utilization.
The implementation of "a hanging dual control" measures. The link between energy consumption and economic growth, for high energy-consuming industries and industries with excess capacity shall implement the total energy consumption control and strong constraints, other industries shall implement strong constraint by advanced energy efficiency standards, energy efficiency of existing capacity should have deadlines for compliance, and must comply with domestic production capacity advanced energy efficiency standards.
Implementation of the regional energy policy differentiation. In the western region rich in energy resources, according to the carrying capacity of water resources and ecological environment, water and energy conservation and environmental protection in the advanced technology premise of reasonable development efforts to increase energy, and enhance the ability to bring up the cross.Reasonable control of the central region of the energy intensity of development. Efforts to improve the energy structure of the eastern region, to encourage the development of competitive new energy and renewable energy.
Control of the total coal consumption. The total amount of long-term development of national coal consumption control objectives, the implementation of coal consumption reduction alternatives, reduce the share of coal consumption.
2. Focus on the implementation of energy efficiency enhancement program.
Adhere energy priority to industrial, construction and transport sectors, focusing on innovation and development, the formation of energy-efficient production and consumption patterns.
Action Plan for the implementation of coal upgrading. Implement energy saving old coal unit upgrade project, serving 600,000 kilowatts (except air-cooled unit) and strive within 5 years to decrease coal-powered units to approximately 300 grams of coal per kilowatt-hour.
Implementation of industrial energy efficiency action plan. Strictly limit the high energy-consuming industries and excess industrial expansion, accelerate the elimination of backward production capacity, the implementation of ten key energy conservation projects, carry out low-carbon energy action million businesses. Implementation motors, internal combustion engines, boilers and other key energy equipment energy efficiency improvement programs to promote the use of waste heat and pressure of industrial enterprises. Further promote the industrial demand-side management, and actively develop high-efficiency boilers and high-efficiency motors, promoting end-use energy efficiency improvement and key energy industry energy efficiency benchmarking standards. Earnestly carry out environmental impact assessment of new projects and energy efficiency assessment review.
Action Plan for the implementation of green building. Strengthening building energy planning, implementation of building energy efficiency upgrade project, the implementation of 75 percent of the residential building energy efficiency design standards as soon as possible, accelerate the construction of green buildings and the renovation of existing buildings, the implementation of public building energy consumption limits and green building rating and labeling system, promote energy appliances and green lighting, and actively promote the construction of new energy city.Develop low-carbon eco-city and green eco-city, to 2020, the urban green building new buildings accounted for the proportion reached 50%. Accelerate heat metering reform, new buildings heat metering and transformation of existing buildings through the implementation of heat metering and charging.
Action Plan for the implementation of green transport. Improve the overall transportation system planning, accelerate the construction of an integrated transportation system. Actively promote clean energy pace of automotive and marine industries, improve vehicle fuel economy standards and environmental standards. Accelerate the development of rail and water transport and other resource-saving and environment-friendly mode of transport, promoting the main urban agglomeration intercity railway construction. To develop urban public transport, walking and cycling to strengthen urban transportation system construction, improve public travel and the proportion of non-motorized travel.
3. To promote urban and rural energy mode change.
According to the integration of urban and rural development and the new urbanization of the general requirements, adhere to the centralized and decentralized energy supply combined urban and rural local conditions for energy facilities, promoting urban and rural energy pattern, enhance energy levels and efficiency of urban and rural areas.
Implementation of the new town, new energy, new life plan of action. Scientific establishment of urban planning, urban space layout optimization, to promote information technology, low-carbon and Urbanization of the depth of integration, the construction of low-carbon smart cities and towns. To develop a comprehensive energy plan town, to develop distributed energy, scientific development of cogeneration, encourage qualified regional development CCHP, the development of wind, solar, biomass, geothermal heating.
Accelerate rural energy mode change. We will promptly formulate a long-term policy measures to promote green energy county, township, village, vigorously develop rural small hydropower, hydropower strengthen new rural electrification counties and small hydropower generation fuel ecological engineering construction protection, local conditions to develop rural renewable energy, promote non-commodity clean and efficient use of energy, strengthen rural energy conservation.
National Energy Action carried out. National Energy Action Plan implementation, strengthen publicity and education, popularization of energy-saving knowledge, the promotion of new energy-saving technologies, new products, and vigorously promote green lifestyle guide residents scientific rational use of energy, so saving energy has become the conscious action of the whole society.
(C) Optimize the energy structure.
Positive development of natural gas, nuclear power, renewable energy and other clean energy, reduce the proportion of coal consumption, and promote sustained energy structure optimization.
1. Reduce the proportion of coal consumption.
Accelerate clean energy supply, the total control of key areas, focusing on areas of coal consumption, promoting the reduction alternatives, Yajian coal consumption by 2020, the proportion of the national coal consumption dropped to less than 62%.
Reduce the total area of Beijing, Tianjin and Shandong coal consumption, the Yangtze River Delta and Pearl River Delta. Energy-intensive industries to increase efforts to eliminate backward production capacity, expanding outside calls, natural gas and non-fossil energy supply size, reduction of coal to replace coal project. By 2020, Beijing, Tianjin and Shandong provinces and four net reduction of 100 million tons of coal consumption over 2012, total coal consumption Yangtze River Delta and Pearl River Delta region of negative growth.
Control the focus areas of coal consumption of coal. In economically developed regions and cities as the focus, the focus of the coal field in an orderly way "coal gas" projects, intensify heat, pressure utilization, accelerate the elimination of dispersed small coal-fired boilers, to 2017, the basic completion of the key areas of coal-fired boilers, industrial furnaces, such as natural gas instead of the task of transformation. Combined villages, urban fringe, shantytowns, no coal zone to expand the scope of the city, and gradually extended to the outskirts of the city built-up area, a substantial reduction of urban dispersion coal use.
2. Increase the proportion of natural gas consumption.
Adhere to increase the supply and improve energy efficiency by combining gas facilities to strengthen and expand natural gas imports, the orderly expansion of natural gas applications town.By 2020, natural gas in primary energy consumption in the proportion increased to 10%.
Implementation of livelihood projects gasification city. New natural gas should be a priority to protect residents and alternative dispersion of coal, the implementation of urban residents with clean energy plan to organize in 2020, urban residents basic use natural gas.
The steady development of the natural gas transportation. With the state gas development layout, to develop long-term natural gas transportation development plan, accelerating the construction of natural gas filling stations facilities, urban taxis, buses, focusing on the positive and orderly development of liquefied natural gas vehicles and compressed natural gas vehicles, family cars and steadily develop natural gas , intercity buses, heavy trucks and boats.
Moderate development of natural gas to generate electricity. In Beijing, Tianjin and Shandong, the Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta region and other key air pollution prevention and control, and orderly development of natural gas peaking power plants, combined heat load demand moderate development of gas - steam combined cycle cogeneration.
Speed up the natural gas pipeline network and gas storage facilities. According to natural gas and gas south to north, the air-sea gas landing pattern, speed up the construction of natural gas pipelines and storage facilities, the formation of the inlet channel, the national natural gas trunk pipeline network and the main production areas connected consumer areas. By 2020, natural gas trunk pipeline mileage of 120,000 kilometers or more.
Expanding the scale of imports of natural gas. Increased LNG and pipeline gas import intensity.
3. The development of nuclear power safety.
In the case of the highest international safety standards to ensure the safety of the premise, in the eastern coastal timely launch of a new nuclear power projects, feasibility studies inland nuclear power plant construction. Adhere to the introduction of absorption and innovation, focusing on promoting the AP1000, CAP1400, HTR, fast reactors and reprocessing technology research.Accelerate domestic independent technical engineering verification, focusing on the construction of large-scale advanced PWR, HTR major special demonstration project. Basic research and actively promote nuclear power, nuclear safety design and engineering technology research and development, improve the nuclear fuel cycle system. Actively promote nuclear power "going out." Strengthen nuclear science and nuclear safety knowledge publicity. By 2020, nuclear power capacity to reach 58 million kilowatts, built in capacity of 30 million kilowatts or more.
4. Vigorously develop renewable energy sources.
In accordance with the principle of in situ elimination Donnelly output with equal emphasis on both centralized and distributed development, accelerate the development of renewable energy. By 2020, non-fossil energy in primary energy consumption reaches15%.
Actively develop hydropower. In good ecological protection and resettlement under the premise of the Southwest Jinsha, Yalong, Dadu River, Lancang River and other rivers as the focus, and actively promote the orderly large hydropower bases. Local conditions to develop small and medium sized power plants, pumped storage power plant to carry out the planning and construction, strengthen water resources utilization. By 2020, strive for conventional hydropower installed capacity reaching about 350 million kilowatts.
Develop wind power. Focus on planning and construction of Jiuquan, western Inner Mongolia, eastern Inner Mongolia, northern Hebei, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Shandong, Hami, Jiangsu and nine large modern wind power base and supporting transmission project. In southern and eastern regions, vigorously develop decentralized wind power, and steady development of offshore wind power. By 2020, the PV installed capacity reached about 100 million kilowatts, and photovoltaic power generation and grid sales price is fair.
Accelerate the development of solar power. Photovoltaic bases orderly, well synchronized and centralized place elimination Donnelly sent by channel construction. Accelerate the construction of distributed photovoltaic demonstration area, the steady implementation of solar thermal power demonstration project. Strengthening solar power generation and network services. Encourage large public buildings and public facilities, industrial parks distributed PV roof construction. By 2020, the PV installed capacity reached about 100 million kilowatts of photovoltaic power generation and grid sales price considerably.
Actively develop geothermal, biomass and ocean energy. Adhere to balanced, according to local conditions, diversified development approach, orderly conduct of geothermal energy, ocean energy resource survey, the development of biomass and geothermal energy development and utilization planning, and actively promote geothermal, biomass and ocean energy, clean and efficient use, the promotion of biomass energy and geothermal heating, geothermal and ocean to carry out power generation demonstration project. By 2020, geothermal energy utilization reaches 50 million tons of coal equivalent.
Improve the level of utilization of renewable energy. Strengthen the power grid overall planning, scientific organization of peaking, frequency modulation, storage supporting capacity, effectively solve abandoned wind, abandoned water, abandoned light problem.
(D) Expand international cooperation in energy.
Co-ordinate the use of domestic and international resources and markets, investment and trade both insist, land and sea channels simultaneously, speeding up the development of long-term planning of the use of overseas energy resources, efforts to expand the inlet channel and focus on building the Silk Road economic belt, the 21st century maritime silk road, BCIM Pakistan Economic Corridor Economic Corridor and actively support energy technology, equipment and engineering teams to "go [abroad]."
Strengthen the cooperation and construction between five major energy region of Russia Central Asia, the Middle East, Africa, the Americas and Asia-Pacific to deepen bilateral and multilateral international energy cooperation, and to establishment of a regional energy market. Actively participate in the global energy governance. Strengthen co-ordination and support enterprises to "go [abroad]."
(E) Promote energy technology innovation.
According to the innovation mechanism, solid foundation, advanced deployment across the principle focus, strengthen scientific and technological innovation, encourage the introduction of absorption and innovation, to create an upgraded version of the energy technology innovation, building energy technology powerhouse.
1. Energy Technology Innovation clear strategic direction and focus.
Seize the strategic direction of green energy, low carbon and intellectual development around safety, optimize the structure and long-term goals such as energy saving, establishes unconventional and deepwater oil and gas exploration and development, clean and efficient use of coal, distributed energy, smart grid, a new generation of nuclear power, advanced renewable energy nine focus areas of innovation, energy saving, energy storage, basic materials, specifically shale gas, coal bed methane, shale oil, deepwater oil and gas, coal processing, coal-fired energy saving high parameters , Integrated gasification combined cycle power generation, gas turbines, modern power grid, advanced nuclear power, photovoltaic, solar thermal power, wind power, biofuels, geothermal energy, ocean energy power generation, natural gas hydrates, large capacity storage, hydrogen and fuel cells, 20 focuses on innovative basic materials, such as the direction of energy, corresponding to carry shale gas, coalbed methane, deepwater oil and gas development and other major demonstration projects.
2. Grasp major science and technology.
Accelerate the implementation of large-scale oil and gas fields and coal-bed methane development of national science and technology major projects. Strengthen large advanced PWR nuclear power plants and HTR National Science and Technology major projects. Strengthen technology research, and strive to shale gas, deepwater, gas hydrates, a new generation of nuclear power and other core technology has made a major breakthrough.
3. Rely on major projects to drive innovation.
Rely on offshore oil and gas and unconventional oil and gas exploration and development, efficient and clean use of coal, advanced nuclear power, renewable energy development, smart grid and other major energy projects to speed up scientific and technological achievements, to accelerate energy equipment manufacturing innovation platform to support advanced energy technology and equipment "to go out "to form internationally competitive industrial system of energy equipment.
4. accelerate energy technology innovation system.
Development of national energy technology innovation and energy equipment development strategy.Establish a business-oriented, market-oriented, government research with innovation system combining. Encourage the establishment of a diversified energy technology venture capital fund.Strengthen energy team building talent, encourage the introduction of high-end talent, cultivate a number of energy technology leading talent.
(A) Deepen energy reform.
Adhere to the socialist market economic reforms, to make the market in allocating resources play a decisive role and better play the role of government, deepen reform of energy for the establishment of a modern energy system, the protection of national energy security and create a favorable institutional environment.
Improve the modern energy market system. Establish a unified, open, competitive and orderly modern market system energy. Further promote the separation of government, separation of natural monopoly business and competitive business, open competitive fields and links. Unified system of market access in developed on the basis of a negative list, encourage and guide various types of market players to enter the field of equality law beyond the negative list, promote energy investment diversification. Deepen the reform of state-owned energy companies, to improve motivation and evaluation mechanism, enhance the competitiveness of enterprises. Encourage the use of futures markets to hedge, to promote the construction of the crude oil futures market.
Promote energy price reform. Advancing the field of oil, gas, electricity and other price reforms, liberalization and orderly competitive price segment, natural gas wellhead prices and sales prices, price and sale price by the market, transmission and distribution of electricity and the price of oil and gas pipeline by the government pricing.
Deepen the reform of key areas and key links. Focus on promoting grid construction and operation of oil and gas pipeline network system, power grids and oil and gas pipelines clear functional orientation, the gradual establishment of fair access, supply and demand-oriented, reliable and flexible electricity and gas transmission networks. Accelerate the pace of reform power, promote direct trading of supply and demand sides, to build a competitive electricity market.
Sound energy laws and regulations. The development and expedite the implementation of the Electricity Law, Energy Law, Coal Law revision. Actively promote the protection of marine oil and gas pipelines, nuclear power management, energy reserves, and other administrative rulemaking or revision.
Further transform government functions, improve the energy regulatory system. Strengthen energy development strategy, planning, policy, development and implementation of standards, accelerate decentralization, devolution continues cancellation and administrative approval. Strengthen energy regulation, a sound regulatory organization system and legal system, innovative forms of regulation, improve regulatory efficiency, maintain fair market order and create a favorable environment for the healthy development of the energy industry.
(B) Improve and perfect energy policies.
Improve the energy tax policy. Accelerate resource tax reform, tax legislation and actively promote the clearance fees, and gradually expand the scope of ad valorem resource tax. Study links to adjust energy consumption tax levy and tax rate, part of the high energy consumption, high pollution products included in the scope of charge. Improve energy conservation tax policies, establish and improve the ecological compensation mechanism to accelerate the environmental tax legislation, explore the establishment of a green tax system.
Improve energy investment and industrial policies. Give full play to the role of the market on the basis of geological exploration to expand the fund size, key support and guide the unconventional and deepwater oil and gas resource development and international cooperation, and improve strategic, cutting-edge scientific research and generic technology research and major government on the basis of support mechanisms and equipment. Perfect peak FM alternate compensation policy, the implementation of energy and power and full protection of the quota system acquisition policies and supporting measures for renewable. Encourage banking institutions in accordance with risk control, the principles of sustainable business, and increase support for energy conservation and efficiency, energy and resource use, and clean energy projects. Study and formulate development incentives to promote green credit policy.
Improve the energy consumption policy. Implementation of differentiated energy pricing policy.Strengthen energy demand side management, implementation of the contract energy management, fostering energy efficiency services and energy service companies, the implementation of energy audit system. Fixed asset investment projects sound energy assessment review system, the implementation of energy efficiency "leader" system.
(C) Good organization and implementation.
Strengthen the organization and leadership. Give full play to the leading role of the National Energy Commission, to strengthen the major strategic issues of energy research and deliberation, guiding the implementation of this action plan to promote. Energy Board to effectively fulfill the responsibilities of the Office of the National Energy Commission, the organization and coordination of various departments to develop implementation details.
Detailed implementation of the tasks. State Council departments, the provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) and key energy companies to implement this action plan included in this department, the region, the corporate agenda, doing all kinds of program planning and convergence of the action plan. National Office of Energy Commission to develop embodiment, the decomposition implement the goals and tasks, scheduling and coordination mechanism clear, well-organized and implemented.
Strengthen supervision and inspection. Office of the National Energy Commission to closely follow the progress of work, mastery goal task is completed, the urge of the measures carried out, to see results. In the implementation process, to regularly organize inspection and appraisal assessment, timely reporting of major State Department.