Meta Data
Title in national language: 
Климатическая доктрина Российской Федерации (Распоряжение Президента РФ от 17.12.2009 г. № 861-пп)
Revision of previous policy?: 
Draft Year: 
Effective Start Year: 
Document Type: 
Overarching Policy, Other
Economic Sector: 
Energy, Power, Industry, Transport, Building, Multi-Sector, Other
Energy Types: 
All, Power, Renewable, Other
Issued by: 
Office of the President of the Russian Federation
Unofficial translation
Overall Summary: 
The Climate Doctrine is a strategic environmental regulatory document adopted pursuant to the Presidential Executive Order N 861-rp of 17 December 2009. Cross-cutting measures envisaged by the present post-Kyoto climate policy aim to reaffirm Russia’s commitments to climate objectives and enhance global mitigation action. The policy reinforces institutional and legal frameworks on climate change ensuring compliance with provisions of the Constitution, presidential executive orders and regulations issued by the Government of the Russian Federation. This multifaceted policy is designed in accordance with the principles of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (9 May 1992).--- As the exposure to climate change impacts is vast, the Russian Federation seeks to support climate resilience actions, thus reduce adverse associated social and economic effects. Of a key concern are risks to population health, drought effects, ecosystem degradation, and dissemination of infection diseases. --- The policy establishes an all-encompassing regulatory framework for international cooperation, emphasizes the need to strengthen cross-government climate coordination. A long-term vision is based on due consideration of interests of all parties involved, significant disparities in economic conditions as well as specific for each country policy and capacity-related challenges shall be taken into account.
EE priorities: 
Art. 41 encompasses measures to improve legal frameworks and develop sustainable financial mechanisms that aim to achieve a significant increase in cross-sectoral energy efficiency. Transferring to cleaner energy efficient and low-carbon technologies is envisaged through technological modernization of the fuel and energy complex, transport sector, metallurgy and chemical industry. ---- Art. 43 highlights mitigation action considered at the micro-level. Envisaged environmental benefits are associated with energy efficiency improvements in heating / power consumption, fuel efficiency in transport, and energy efficiency in buildings.
Renewable Energy
RE priorities: 
Art. 23. The Russian Federation is on track to meet the established renewable energy targets. To enhance climate mitigation action, policies and measures need to be determined aligning the national development strategy with global initiatives on climate change. ---- Art. 43. The policy calls for increasing the share of RES in the energy mix of the Russian Federation.
Energy environmental priorities: 
Art. 34. Crucial is the need to put in place measures mitigating adverse impacts of human-induced climate change, particularly, in the area of energy production and consumption. Mechanisms shall be developed to implement relevant innovative projects.
Decarbonization strategy: 
Art. 23 focuses on practices, policies and actions to enhance national decarbonization and pollution abatement initiatives. Significant mitigation action will focus on increasing energy efficiency, deployment of renewable and alternative energy, elimination of market distortions and development of financial incentives for carbon emissions reduction. The policy seeks to facilitate carbon capture and storage initiatives through sustainable forestry practices. --- Art. 24 highlights greenhouse gas reduction obligations. Meeting goals in this area might vastly expand policies for technological modernization of national economy and increasing competitiveness in a global context. Policy measures will be tailored to national development priorities and circumstances.---Art. 33. Proliferate sustainable and lasting financing mechanisms to support climate mitigation action and measures to reduce GHG emissions.
Energy sector investment priorities: 
Art. 33. Proliferate sustainable and lasting financing mechanisms to support climate mitigation action and measures to reduce GHG emissions. --- It is essential to ensure clarity and transparency of climate policy, in particular, with respect to investment activities and related risk management and assessment procedures.
Public Private Partnerships: 
Art. 7. The policy recognizes the need for strengthening partnerships at the national and international levels, among priority areas are international research programs and projects on climate change.
National policy structure: 
The Doctrine represents an overview of goals, principles, and mechanisms for implementation of climate policy in the Russian Federation - both within its borders and in the international arena - on the issues of climate change and its pervasive impacts. The Doctrine builds on the Constitution of the Russian Federation, federal laws, legal acts issued by the President of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Russian Federation, decisions of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change of May 9, 1992, and a range of agreements on the environment the Russian Federation is signatory to, including those on climate issues and sustainable development. ---- Measures to adapt to climate change are envisaged in the decisions of governmental bodies taking into consideration international agreements of the Russian Federation. Measures to adapt to climate change, including preventive adaptation, are planned and implemented in the framework of public climate policy taking into account sectoral, regional and local context and the long-term character of these measures, their influence on different aspects of social, economic and public life. ---- Art. 16. Climate policy should be regularly and timely made up-to-date and take into account new findings on climate, including more accurate estimates of its possible change, economic development and technological advances, especially as regards to production, transfer and consumption of energy and energy resources. Changes in approaches, achievements of international collaboration and measures proposed at the international level should be taken into account.
Energy institutional structures: 
Art. 41 stipulates that federal regulatory bodies will take comprehensive policy actions to 1) strengthen regulatory frameworks with due consideration of climate effects on human health and national economy; 2) support mitigation action; 3) develop national policy for regulation with respect to GHG inventory; 4) enhance industrial energy efficiency; 5) carry out national awareness-building campaigns and support environmental education; 6) develop and issue a national report on climate change and its effects, etc.
R&D energy efficiency: 
Among policy options, priority is given to mechanisms for advancing energy conservation technologies through accelerating research and development initiatives.
R&D pollution abatement: 
Art. 24 reaffirms Russia’s commitments to climate mitigation objectives. The policy gives renewed attention to carbon capture technologies, emphasizes the need for broader deployment of innovative solutions considered a means to tackle existing environmental issues and improve competitiveness of the national economy.
Technology collaboration with other member States: 
Art. 35. The policy encompasses measures for strengthening international cooperation on advancing climate technologies. Furthermore, synergies need to be reinforced with global research and development environmental initiatives.