Meta Data
Title in national language: 
电力发展“十三五”规划(2016-2020 年)
Draft: 
No
Revision of previous policy?: 
No
Draft Year: 
2016
Effective Start Year: 
2016
Effective End Year: 
2020
Scope: 
National
Document Type: 
Plan/Strategy
Economic Sector: 
Energy, Power, Industry, Transport, Building, Other
Energy Types: 
Power, Gas, Nuclear, Hydropower, Solar
Issued by: 
National Development and Reform Commission P.R.C.
Overall Summary: 
This plan mainly focus on transmission and distribution grid networks for hydro power electricity, nuclear power, thermal power, gas power, wind power, solar power and other power electricity. The plan puts emphasis on improving the electricity system structure, optimizing the power distribution, efforts to upgrade the distribution network, enhancing system capacity, improving the efficiency of power systems, efforts to promote system reform and mechanism innovation; speeding up the adjustment and optimization, transformation and upgrading, building clean low-carbon, safe and efficient modern power industry system.
Access
Energy access priorities: 
Enforce the electricity system operation capacity, increase and explore the system peak shaving capacity, improve the peak shaving capacity construction, increase the flexibility of the system to resolve the renewable energy integration problem.
Energy access action plan: 
to complete the reconstruction of the power grid in the national small towns and central villages, and to achieve the power supply in the rural areas; [...].---Improve the electricity supply capacity to Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.
Efficiency
EE priorities: 
Optimize the electricity system operation. In order to achieve the energy conservation and low carbon emission, make scientific and feasible energy system operation principles and specific measures or implementations[...]
EE targets: 
To eliminate the thermal power behind the production capacity of more than 20 million kilowatts. The average coal consumption of new coal-fired generating units should be less than 300 grams of standard coal / kWh, and the average coal consumption of existing coal-fired generating units should be reduced by less than 310 g / kWh. ---[...]The integrated line loss rate of the power grid should be controlled within 6.5% ---[...]implement the energy-saving transformation of about 340 million kilowatts, to eliminate backward coal power plant about 20 million kilowatts.[...]
EE action plans: 
Vigorously improve the demand response capacity in the demand side. Establish and improve the response measures based on price incentive tools[...].---Improve and promote the electricity demand side management, integrate the system operation, market transactions and user’s data for electricity utilisation, improve the big data analysis capabilities, and enhance response capability of supply side.
Renewable Energy
RE priorities: 
Orderly develop wind power. Speed up the development of wind power in the eastern and southern regions, and actively promote the development of offshore wind power. In accordance with the principle “decentralized development, integrate to the nearest grid network” to establish photovoltaic power plant, and comprehensively promote the distributed photovoltaic and "photovoltaic +" projects, and actively support the thermal power generation.
RE targets: 
During the 13th Five-Year Plan period, the new national conventional hydropower will be around 40 million kilowatts, construct more than 60 million kilowatts, of which the small hydropower will be around 5 million kilowatts. By 2020, conventional hydropower installed capacity will reach 340 million kilowatts. ---During the 13th Five-Year Plan period, the new wind power into production will be more than 79 million kilowatts, solar power generation more than 68 million kilowatts. In 2020, the national wind power installed capacity will be more than 210 million kilowatts, of which about 5 million kilowatts is offshore wind power; solar power installed capacity will be more than 110 million kilowatts, of which distributed photovoltaic represents more than 60 million kilowatts, thermal power generation 5 million kilowatts. ---rationally construct the municipal waste-to-energy power generation and landfill gas power generation projects. Actively make full use of clean biomass, promote biogas power generation, biomass power generation and distributed biomass gasification power generation. By 2020, biomass power generation installed capacity will be about 15 million kilowatts.
Environment
Energy environmental priorities: 
Give the priority to the environmental protection, to insist and balance the non fossil fuel power development and the coal power development, insist the emission reduction.
Pollution level targets, PM10, PM2.5, SOx, NOx: 
Sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides of thermal power units are supposed to reduce by more than 50%.
GHG emissions reduction targets: 
[...]carbon dioxide emissions intensity for coal-fired unit should drop to around 865 g / kWh.
Pollution control action plans: 
achieve an ultra-low-emission transformation of about 420 million kilowatts,[...]
Decarbonization strategy: 
achieve an ultra-low-emission transformation of about 420 million kilowatts[...]
Pricing
Energy pricing: 
Vigorously improve the demand response capacity in the demand side. Establish and improve the response measures based on price incentive tools[...].
Energy Supply and Infrastructure
Energy supply priorities: 
In order to meet the power demand for a well-off society, it is expected that the total electricity consumption will be 6.8-7.2 trillion kWh in 2020, with an average annual growth rate of 3.6-4.8%. The installed capacity of the national power generation will be 2 billion kilowatts, with an average annual growth rate of 5.5%. The installed capacity per person breakthrough 1.4 kilowatts, electricity consumption per person about 5000 kwh, close to the level of moderately developed countries. Urban and rural electrification level should be significantly improved, electricity consumption will reach 27% of terminal energy consumption. ---[...]On the basis of the expected total electricity demand in 2020, reserve a 200 billion kwh electricity storage, in case that more electricity may be needed due to an acceleration of social and economic development. ---to complete the reconstruction of the power grid in the national small towns and central villages, and to achieve the power supply in the rural areas; to achieve the full coverage of motor power in plain areas and an equal urban-rural energy supply service in the eastern part, to reduce the urban-rural gap in power supply service in the central and western regions and in remote areas, to make sure that the rural power grid can basically meet the needs of producing and living. During the 13th Five-Year Plan, withdraw or postpone 150 millions kW of the coal power construction projects. By 2020, the national coal power station scale should be controlled with in 1.1 billion kW. ---Improve the electricity supply capacity to Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.
Energy mix: 
Increase the proportion of electricity in the terminal energy consumption, increase the proportion of coal to electricity in total coal consumption, and increase the proportion of natural gas utilization. ---Comprehensively develop the construction of various types of power, and gradually increase the proportion of non-fossil energy consumption[...]. [...]by 2020, non-fossil energy power generation installed capacity should be around 7.7 billion kilowatts, represents 39% of total amount, about 250 million kilowatts more than that of 2015, an increase of 4%; [...] gas installed capacity should increase by 50 million Kilowatts, reaching 110 million kilowatts or more, accounting for more than 5%; coal installed capacity should be controlled below 1.1 billion kilowatts, accounting for about 55%.
Infrastructure development priorities: 
Enforce the electricity system operation capacity, increase and explore the system peak shaving capacity, improve the peak shaving capacity construction, increase the flexibility of the system to resolve the renewable energy integration problem. ---promote the hydropower generation construction in the Jinsha river, Dadu river and Yalong river; promote the “West-East electricity transmission” energy base in the South-Eastern Tibet Autonomous Region; ---Focusing on development of southwest hydropower base, build power transmission channels:Jinsha River electricity to Guangxi, northwest Yunnan to Guangdong, Sichuan hydroelectric transmission, Wudongde hydropower station electricity transmission to Guangxi and Guangdong provinces, construct the Baihetan power station delivery project[...]. ---Adjust the "three North"(central north, north-western and north eastern region) wind power construction and grid integration[...] ---Comprehensively promote the construction of distributed photovoltaic power generation, focusing on the development of roof distributed photovoltaic power generation system, the implementation of photovoltaic building integration project. ---Adjust the power distribution, optimize the power grid structure. Adhere to the security bottom line, scientifically promote long-distance, large-capacity power delivery, to build a safe and reliable power system with a reasonable scale, and to improve the emergency support capacities for disasters etc. ---UHV and other grid for “West-East electricity transmission” capacity should increase 130 million KV, and reach 270 million KV; interprovincial connectivities should be improved. Newly built national alternating current grids above 500 kV should be 92,000 km, the transformer capacity 920 million KVA. ---Reasonably control the base construction for coal power. Properly arrange the coal power development scale and priorities, in accordance with the long-distance transmission channel planning and construction[...]. ---Focusing on the implementation of 12 key transmission channels for air pollution control and those transmission grids from Jiuquan to Hunan province, Zhundong to Anhui province, Jinzhong to Guangxi province. Built northeast (Jarud) transmission to North China (Shandong) UHV transmission channel to solve the problem of power redundancy in Northeast. Orderly promote the construction of power transmission channel in northern Shaanxi (Shenfu and Yan'an). According to the market situation, and actively promote Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, Humeng, Mengxi (Baotou, Alashan, Wulanchabu), Long (East) Bin (Chang), Qinghai province and other areas of power transmission channel demonstration. ---In the northeast region: during the "13th Five-Year Plan" period,[...]accelerate Jarud to Shandong Qingzhou UHV DC transmission project construction, form a 10 million kw power transmission capacity by 2018; start Chifeng (Yuanbaoshan) to Hebei transmission channel construction; strengthen the northeast main network to Kaolin 500 kV power grid, ensure transmission capacity of 3 million kilowatts; [...] to basically achieve the balance of power supply and demand. ---[...]Gradually implement the 500kV grid covering Hulunbuir, Xing'an, Tongliao and Chifeng;[...] ---In North China region: during the "13th Five-Year Plan" period, the general grid structure and layout for the West to East will stay the same, Beijing, Hebei Province and Tianjin will accept more than 80 million kw power from other places. ---In the Northwest region: during the "13th Five-Year Plan" period, focus on increasing power transmission and renewable energy consumption capacity. Speed up the UHV transmission channels construction in Zhundong, Ningdong, Jiuquan and northern Shaanxi.---During the 13th Five-Year Plan, the new increased electricity transmission power for “West to East” will be 130 million kW, and 270 million kw by 2020.
Governance
Statistics collection and management: 
[I]ntegrate the system operation, market transactions and user’s data for electricity utilisation, improve the big data analysis capabilities, and enhance response capability of supply side.
Technology
Clean energy technology priorities: 
During the "13th Five-Year Plan" period, the amount of national nuclear power in operation will be about 30 million kilowatts, and more than 30 million kilowatts will be in construction, installed capacity in 2020 will reach 58 million kilowatts. ---[S]peed up the development and application of new technologies to improve the efficiency of coal-fired power generation and energy conservation and environmental protection.
Clean energy technology deployment: 
Carry out a comprehensive application of diversification of storage and transportation technology. Combining with wind power, solar power and other new energy development, together with energy storage technology and micro-grid applications, promote renewable energy power and energy storage, smart grid, diversified application of new technology demonstration, to promote more complementary, collaborative optimization of new energy and energy development.------Carry out marine energy and other renewable energy technology application demonstration projects. In the coastal areas to build marine energy and wind power, solar energy and other renewable energy hybrid power generation and island micro-grid demonstration projects. Actively carry out tidal power station demonstration projects construction.
Gas-to-power technology: 
[...]During the 13th Five-Year Plan, the national newly increased gas-to-power will be 50 million kilowatts, 110 million kilowatts by 2020[...].
Low-emission and cleaner coal technology: 
Actively adapt to the adjustment of energy structure and power market development, accelerate the optimization and transformation of coal power structure,[...]promote an efficient, clean and sustainable development for coal power.
R&D energy efficiency: 
Speed up the development and application of new technologies to improve the efficiency of coal-fired power generation and energy conservation and environmental protection.