Meta Data
Draft: 
No
Revision of previous policy?: 
No
Draft Year: 
2015
Effective Start Year: 
2016
Scope: 
National
Document Type: 
Other
Economic Sector: 
Multi-Sector
Energy Types: 
All, Renewable, Other
Issued by: 
Republic of Kiribati
Overall Summary: 
The document analyses mitigation and adaptation measures as defined by the Republic of Kiribati, followed by means of implementation. As for adaptation measures, the country relies mostly on external aid (donors) to finance its adaptation measures towards CC In regards to mitigation, Kiribati has no obligation under the UNFCCC to reduce its emissions of greenhouse gases. Nonetheless, there have been significant efforts to date to reduce fossil fuel imports and increase domestic renewable energy use. Kiribati is a LDC SIDS with limited resources, that will nonetheless commit to reduce emissions by: 13.7% by 2025 and 12.8% by 2030 compared to a BaU projection.
Efficiency
EE targets: 
Reflecting the ambition of the Majuro Declaration reductions in fossil fuel use by 2025 through increases in renewable energy and energy efficiency in the following sectors and geographical areas: South Tarawa by 45% (22% EE); Kiritimati Island by 60% (20% EE); rural public infrastructure, including Southern Kiribati Hospital and Ice plants by 60% (20% EE).
EE action plans: 
Reflecting the ambition of the Majuro Declaration reductions in fossil fuel use by 2025 through increases in renewable energy and energy efficiency in the following sectors and geographical areas: South Tarawa by 45% (22% EE); Kiritimati Island by 60% (20% EE); rural public infrastructure, including Southern Kiribati Hospital and Ice plants by 60% (20% EE).
Renewable Energy
RE action plans: 
Reducing fossil fuel imports is the major goal, with the uptake of renewable energy along with further energy efficiency improvements on both the demand and supply sides, expected to replace more than one-third of fossil fuels for electricity and transport by 2025. Reflecting the ambition of the Majuro Declaration reductions in fossil fuel use by 2025 through increases in renewable energy and energy efficiency in the following sectors and geographical areas: South Tarawa by 45% (23% RE); Kiritimati Island by 60% (40% RE); rural public infrastructure, including Southern Kiribati Hospital and Ice plants by 60% (40% RE); and rural public and private institutions such as boarding schools, Island Council, private amenities and households by 100%(100% RE).
Environment
GHG emissions reduction targets: 
Kiribati[...]will [...] commit to reduce emissions by: 13.7% by 2025 and 12.8% by 2030 compared to a BaU projection.---On the understanding that a global agreement addresses international assistance to access financial and technical resources, Kiribati can, with international assistance, contribute a further:  48.8% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2025; and  49% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030, compared to the BaU projection. With appropriate international assistance, Kiribati can reduce its emissions by more than 60% (61.8%) by 2030. ---In addition to the carbon storage in the ocean ecosystem, Kiribati’s unconditional contribution will reduce emissions by 10,090tCO2e annually throughout the period 2020 to 2030. Kiribati’s conditional contribution (with international assistance) will reduce emissions by 35,880tCO2e annually by 2025, and by 38,420tCO2e annually by 2030.----Reflecting the ambition of the Majuro Declaration , Kiribati has identified targets focused on reductions in fossil fuel use by 2025 through increases in renewable energy and energy efficiency (RE and EE) in the following sectors and geographical areas:  South Tarawa by 45% (23% RE and 22% EE);  Kiritimati Island by 60% (40% RE and 20% EE);  rural public infrastructure, including Southern Kiribati Hospital and Ice plants by 60% (40% RE and 20% EE); and  rural public and private institutions such as boarding schools, Island Council, private amenities and households by 100%(100% RE).
Decarbonization strategy: 
The National Framework for Climate Change and Climate Change Adaptation (April 2013) [...] extends the 2005 Climate Change Adaptation Strategy which was developed as part of the World Bank funded Kiribati Adaptation Project. Under this strategy the following [...] headings outline Kiribati action to strengthen its capability to meet the challenge of climate change.  Mitigation - aim to improve energy efficiency and enhance the use of renewable energy both on the main islands and in the outer islands;---The Kiribati Joint Implementation Plan on Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management (KJIP) (2014) identifies major [...] strategies [...]  Promoting sound and reliable infrastructure development and land management; [...]  Promoting the use of sustainable renewable sources of energy and energy efficiency;[...].
Green finance: 
The Government of Kiribati intends to explore options for innovative and coordinated financing to implement the KJIP and community-based adaptation plans from varied sources such as multilateral and bilateral donors and regional and national funding mechanisms. Innovative financing approaches and operations will be explored, including options such as microfinance, carbon levies, subsidies, soft loans, emergency funds, sovereign insurance, contingent credit, catastrophe bonds, and intergovernmental risk insurance
Cooperation in env.: 
The effective implementation of the mitigation and adaptation measures will depend on timely accessibility, availability and provision of financial resources, technology and capacity building support. --- It is expected that a considerable portion of the necessary financing will be provided in the forms of grants from the Green Climate Funds, Global Environment Facility (GEF), Adaptation Fund, and from various bi-lateral climate change programs.
Energy Supply and Infrastructure
Energy mix: 
Reducing fossil fuel imports is the major goal, with the uptake of renewable energy along with further energy efficiency improvements on both the demand and supply sides, expected to replace more than one-third of fossil fuels for electricity and transport by 2025. Reflecting the ambition of the Majuro Declaration reductions in fossil fuel use by 2025 through increases in renewable energy and energy efficiency in the following sectors and geographical areas: South Tarawa by 45% (23% RE); Kiritimati Island by 60% (40% RE); rural public infrastructure, including Southern Kiribati Hospital and Ice plants by 60% (40% RE); and rural public and private institutions such as boarding schools, Island Council, private amenities and households by 100%(100% RE).