Meta Data
Title in national language: 
Revision of previous policy?: 
Draft Year: 
Effective Start Year: 
Document Type: 
Overarching Policy, Other
Economic Sector: 
Energy, Power, Industry, Transport, Building, Multi-Sector, Other
Energy Types: 
Coal, Oil, Power, Gas, Nuclear, Renewable, Bioenergy, Geothermal, Hydropower, Solar, Wave and Tidal, Wind
Issued by: 
Information Office of the State Council of the People's Republic of China
Overall Summary: 
The white paper introduced China's policies and actions for addressing climate change, and the positive results achieved during that period, as well as China's overall arrangements to address climate change and its related negotiating position. The white paper says China accelerates the transformation of its economic development mode during its 11th Five-Year Plan period, and achieved remarkable results in controlling greenhouse gas emission by promoting industrial restructuring, energy restructuring and energy conservation, improving energy efficiency, and increasing carbon sink. This white paper includes eight parts: mitigating climate change, adapting to climate change, enhancing basic capability, participation of the whole society, participation in international negotiations, strengthening international cooperation, objectives, policies and actions during the 12th Five-Year Plan Period and China; Basic Position in International Climate Change Negotiations.
EE priorities: 
Promoting energy conservation in key fields. ---[P]romoting energy-saving technology and products. ---[D]eveloping a circular economy. ---[...]continuing to implement key energy-conservation projects.
EE action plans: 
Reforming and upgrading traditional industries.[...] to accelerate the pace of eliminating backward production capacity[...] ---[E]nergy Conservation: Enhancing target responsibility assessment[...] to fulfill set targets in energy conservation[...] ---[P]romoting energy conservation market mechanism. The government is proactively pushing forward energy management through contract management, power demand side management, voluntary energy conservation agreements and other market mechanisms.[...] ---[...]rationally control total energy consumption, take various measures such as comprehensively optimizing the industrial structure and energy mix, practicing energy conservation and raising energy efficiency[...] ---[...]accelerating economic restructuring. Through policy readjustment and institutional innovation, China will promote industrial upgrading and optimization, and accelerate the transformation of the economic development pattern. It will limit the excessively rapid expansion of energy-hungry and high-emission industries, accelerate the pace of eliminating backward production capacity[...] ---[...]China will carry out various energy--conservation renovation, including the remodeling of boiler and kiln systems, motor system energy saving, energy system optimization, utilization of residual heat and pressure, economical use and substitution of oil, energy conservation in buildings and green lighting. It will also carry out key energy-conservation projects such as demonstration projects in the industrialization of energy-saving technology, energy-saving product promotion, popularization of energy performance contracting and energy-saving capacity building, promote energy conservation in the key fields and sectors of industry, construction and transport, and endeavor to raise overall energy efficiency.
EE financial incentives: 
The government meanwhile has been steadily pushing forward the reform of the resource taxation system, improving the export tax rebate system, adjusting the policy on vehicle purchase, and vehicle and vessel tax, using preferential taxation policies to promote energy and water conservation, the comprehensive utilization of resources, and the import of energy-efficient and low-carbon products.
EE public awareness/promotional programmes: 
[...]It (China) organizes an "energy-saving publicity week" every year to publicize knowledge of energy conservation and emission reduction, and knowledge of climate change among the people.[...] ---[P]ublic Participation. The Chinese public proactively responds to climate change with action: [...] limiting the temperature of air-conditioners, [...] purchasing energy-saving products, choosing low-carbon means of transport, preferring low-carbon food, leading low-carbon lifestyles and practicing low-carbon life and consumption in every aspect of daily life, including clothing, food, residence and travel.[...]
Cooperation in EE: 
[...]cooperation on building energy conservation and quality with the European Union, cooperation on green buildings and ecological urban development with Britain[...]
Renewable Energy
RE priorities: 
China supports the development of wind power, solar power, geothermal, biomass energy and other new types of renewable energy.[...] ---[...]accelerate the development of renewable water, wind, solar, geothermal and biomass energy in accordance with local conditions.
Energy environmental priorities: 
[...]China will foster the concept of green and low-carbon development, and take addressing climate change as an important strategy for its economic and social development as well as an important opportunity for economic restructuring and the transformation of its economic development pattern[...]
GHG emissions reduction targets: 
Controlling Non-energy-related Greenhouse Gas Emission.
Decarbonization strategy: 
Increasing forest carbon sink. China is continuously carrying out ecological protection projects, such as the key shelterbelt construction project in northwest, northeast and north China and along the Yangtze River, and projects to return farmland to forest, natural forest protection project, the program to control sandstorms in the Beijing and Tianjin area.[...] ---[I]mproving farmland and grassland carbon sinks. China is implementing the systems to promote grass-livestock balance, prohibiting or temporarily banning pasturing in certain areas, and regionally rotating pasturing, so as to control the livestock-carrying capacity of pastures and curb pasture degeneration. It is expanding the project of returning grazing land to grassland, strengthening the construction of man-made forage meadows and irrigated pastures, enhancing the prevention and control of grassland natural disasters, and increasing the grassland coverage rate and grassland carbon sinks.[...] ---[...]steadily launching low-carbon pilot projects. China will organize provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities chosen to undertake pilot projects to compile low-carbon development plans, actively explore low-carbon development modes with local characteristics, take the lead in formulating policies, systems and mechanisms conducive to low-carbon development, and speed up the establishment of industrial systems and consumption patterns characterized by low-carbon development. China will also organize low-carbon pilot projects in industrial parks, communities and commerce.
Carbon markets: 
[...]gradually establishing a carbon emissions trading market. China will, drawing on the experience of the international carbon emissions trading market while taking into consideration its actual conditions, gradually promote the establishment of a carbon emissions trading market. The country will further reform the price formation mechanism of carbon emissions trading by standardizing voluntary trading in emission reduction and discharge rights, gradually establish trans-provincial and trans-regional emissions trading systems, so as to give full play to the fundamental role of the market mechanism in optimizing the allocation of resources, and realize the objective of controlling greenhouse gas emission at minimum cost.
Cooperation in env.: 
Proactively participating in relevant international processes on climate change talks.[...] ---[S]trengthening consultation and dialogue with various countries. China is strengthening ministerial-level consultation with the United States, the European Union, Denmark, Japan and other developed countries and regions; and enhancing communication with other developing countries, promoting the establishment of a consultation mechanism among the BASIC countries, and coordinating and promoting the process of climate change talks by adopting the "BASIC plus" framework. ---[E]xpanding cooperation with international organizations. China strengthens communication and exchanges, resource sharing and practical cooperation with relevant international organizations and institutions[...] ---[...]specifying mechanisms and arrangements for adaptation, funding, technological transfer and capacity building, as well as measures to make the differences of emission reduction responsibilities transparent, measurable, reportable and verifiable between developed and developing countries.[...]
Energy Supply and Infrastructure
Energy supply priorities: 
Developing Low-carbon Energy. Accelerating the development of natural gas and other clean resources. The government is vigorously developing natural gas, encouraging the development and utilization of coal-bed methane, shale gas and other unconventional oil and gas resources[...] and is forcefully pushing forward the clean utilization of coal, guiding and encouraging the utilization of coal mine methane and the development of ground coal-bed methane[...]. ---[P]roactively developing and utilizing non-fossil energy.[...]hydropower, nuclear energy and other low-carbon energy sources through policy guidance and fund input. ---[...]optimizing energy mix and developing clean energy. China will rationally control its total energy consumption, formulate energy development plans, and define the total consumption control target and the mechanism to share out the tasks and responsibilities.[...]promote the rapid growth of natural gas output, speed up the development and utilization of such unconventional oil-gas resources as coal-bed gas and shale gas, safely and efficiently develop nuclear energy[...]
Energy management principles: 
Strengthening strategy and policy study. Centering on the major tasks in addressing climate change during the 12th Five-Year Plan period, China is studying a long-term strategy to cope with the issue of climate change, a strategy of low-carbon development, and a national overall strategy to address climate change and carbon trading mechanism, as well as relevant laws and regulations at home and abroad related to climate change.[...]
National policy structure: 
[...]strengthening the legal system building and strategic planning. In accordance with the requirements set in the Resolution of the Standing Committee of the National People' s Congress on Making Active Responses to Climate Change, China will study and enact special laws in addressing climate change, and revise relevant laws, regulations, rules and standards in line with the requirements of the work on climate change. China will also conduct research in low-carbon development strategy and study of the overall strategy to adapt to climate change, put forward China' s road map for technological development to respond to climate change and control greenhouse gas emission, and compile the National Plan to Address Climate Change (2011-2020) to guide the work in the coming ten years.
Statistics collection and management: 
[...]to regularly evaluate the completion of energy conservation targets and the implementation of energy conservation measures by 31 provincial governments and 1,000 key enterprises. ---[...]continuously strengthening capacity building. China will establish a basic statistical system for monitoring greenhouse gas emissions, and intensify statistical work on renewable resources, and resource supply and consumption.[...]
Clean energy technology priorities: 
[...]speed up R&D of low-carbon technology and product promotion, with a view to gradually establishing energy, industry, transportation and construction systems featuring low-carbon development.
Clean energy technology transfer: 
[...]It will provide practical support to other developing countries in coping with climate change, and gradually build up a comprehensive system of foreign exchanges and cooperation under the guidance of a general plan, with the support of special funds and a contingent of professionals and with effective coverage of mitigation of and adaptation to climate change, as well as technology transfer and capacity building in addressing climate change.
Low-emission and cleaner coal technology: 
[...]It (China) will accelerate the development of clean coal technology, push forward the production and use of clean coal, [...]
R&D pollution abatement: 
[...]China also carries out research and demonstration for carbon capture, utilization and sequestration technologies.[...] ---[P]romoting climate-friendly technological R&D, with the support of the National Hi-tech R&D Program ("863 Program") and the National Key Technologies R&D Program [...]