Meta Data
Title in national language: 
Revision of previous policy?: 
Draft Year: 
Effective Start Year: 
Document Type: 
Economic Sector: 
Energy, Power
Energy Types: 
All, Coal, Oil, Power, Gas, Nuclear, Renewable, Geothermal, Hydropower, Solar, Other
Issued by: 
National Energy Administration
No official English version available
Overall Summary: 
The Draft Energy Law is formulated on the basis of the Constitution in order to regulate the development, utilization, oversight and management of energy resources, to safeguard energy security, to optimize the energy framework, to increase energy efficiency, and to promote the development of high-quality energy resources.
Energy access priorities: 
The state has formulated policies to support rural energy development, increase the supply of clean and high-quality energy in rural areas, and improve energy service levels in accordance with the principles of overall urban and rural planning, adaptation to local conditions, multi-energy complementarity, comprehensive utilization and improved services. The state supports the development of rural energy resources, promotes the use of renewable energy in accordance with local conditions, improves farmers' energy conditions for cooking and heating, improves the efficiency of rural production and life energy use, and increases the proportion of clean energy in rural energy consumption.
EE priorities: 
The state adopts legal, economic, administrative, publicity and education measures to ensure the conservation and efficient development and utilization of energy resources, promote energy conservation in key areas and key links, and reasonably control the total energy consumption.
Renewable Energy
RE priorities: 
The state adjusts and optimizes the energy industry structure and consumption structure, gives priority to the development of renewable energy, develops nuclear power safely and efficiently, increases the proportion of non-fossil energy, and promotes the clean and efficient use of fossil energy and the development of low-carbon energy.---The state encourages units and individuals to develop and use renewable energy sources. ---The state has listed renewable energy as a priority area of ​​energy development, and formulated a national medium- and long-term total target for the development and utilization of renewable energy and a target for the proportion of renewable energy in primary energy consumption, which is included in the national economic and social development plan and the binding of the annual plan.---The state formulates relevant fiscal, financial and price policies to support the development and utilization of renewable energy.---The state implements the cascade development of hydropower resources in the river basin, actively and orderly promotes the construction of large hydropower bases under the premise of ecological priority, moderately develops small and medium-sized hydropower stations, and adheres to the principles of centralized and distributed simultaneous development, and the combination of local consumption and external transmission. Solar power generation, and efficient development and utilization of biomass energy according to local conditions. The state encourages the promotion of geothermal energy and solar thermal utilization, and actively promotes the development of ocean energy.The state encourages urban and rural areas to develop and utilize renewable energy on-site, and build a multi-energy complementary distributed clean energy supply system
Energy environmental priorities: 
The state strengthens the capacity building of the energy industry to mitigate and adapt to climate change. The state strengthens the supervision of pollutants and greenhouse gas emissions from the energy industry. Energy companies should strengthen pollution source control and governance and environmental risk prevention and control, reduce the damage to the ecological environment during energy development and utilization, and reduce pollutants and greenhouse gas emissions; energy users should reduce pollutant emissions and greenhouse gas emissions during energy use Gas emissions.
Energy pricing: 
The competitive link in the energy sector is mainly determined by the market, and the state promotes the formation of a mechanism that determines energy prices mainly by factors such as energy resource conditions, market supply and demand, environmental costs, and intergenerational fairness and sustainability. The price of the natural monopoly link is managed by the competent price department. The authority and scope of the government to set energy prices are based on the central and local pricing catalogs.
Energy Supply and Infrastructure
Energy supply priorities: 
Power grid companies should strengthen power grid construction, expand the scope of renewable energy allocation, develop smart grids and energy storage technologies, and establish energy-saving and low-carbon power dispatch and operation systems.---The state guarantees the effective supply of energy and meets the basic needs of the national economy and people's livelihood.
Infrastructure development priorities: 
People's governments at or above the county level shall support the construction of energy infrastructure, protect energy infrastructure, ensure smooth energy transmission, and improve energy supply capacity.
Energy management principles: 
Based on a domestic, green, low-carbon and innovation-driven energy development strategy, we will build a clean, low-carbon, safe and efficient energy system. --- The state strengthens the exploration of fossil energy such as coal, oil and natural gas, and implements rational development of fossil energy. The development, processing and conversion of coal, oil, and natural gas should follow the principles of safety, greenness, intensiveness and high efficiency, and increase resource recovery rates and clean and efficient development and utilization. ---The state implements protective mining for special and scarce coal types, and encourages the priority mining of coalbed methane and the extraction and utilization of coal mine gas.---Petroleum and natural gas development adhere to both onshore and offshore development, and speed up offshore oil and gas field development.---The energy authority of the State Council, in conjunction with relevant departments of the State Council, takes measures to actively and rationally develop natural gas, optimize natural gas utilization structure, and increase the proportion of natural gas in primary energy consumption.---The competent energy department should take measures to develop clean, safe, and efficient thermal power generation and related technologies, improve energy efficiency, reduce pollutant emissions, optimize the structure of thermal power generation, and develop cogeneration, cogeneration and cogeneration of heat, power and gas in accordance with local conditions.---The relevant departments of the State Council shall take measures to promote the development of non-fossil energy such as renewable energy and nuclear energy, and monitor the indicators of the proportion of non-fossil energy in primary energy consumption on an annual basis.---The state adheres to the safe and efficient development of nuclear power, follows the principle of safety first, and strengthens the management and supervision of nuclear power planning, site selection, pre-stage, design, construction, operation and decommissioning.---The power grid, oil and natural gas pipeline network and other energy transmission pipeline network facilities shall improve the fair access mechanism, and shall be opened to market entities such as qualified energy production and sales enterprises in a fair and non-discriminatory manner.---Natural monopoly and competitive businesses in the energy sector should be operated separately, and various investment entities are encouraged to participate in energy development and utilization activities and infrastructure construction on an equal basis in accordance with the law.---he state distinguishes the characteristics of different types of energy, promotes the construction of energy markets such as coal, power, oil, and natural gas, and establishes an energy market system with diverse entities, unified openness, orderly competition, and effective supervision, so as to realize the optimal allocation of energy resources on a larger scale. The state promotes the establishment of fully functional, independent and standardized energy market trading institutions or trading platforms, and encourages the development of various effective trading methods and types of trading.
National policy structure: 
The state formulates relevant fiscal, financial and price policies to support the development and utilization of renewable energy.
Energy institutional structures: 
The energy authority of the State Council coordinates the development and deployment of nuclear power nationwide, strengthens the protection of nuclear power plant sites, promotes research and development and independent innovation of advanced nuclear power technologies and equipment, promotes advanced, mature, safe and economical nuclear power technologies, promotes nuclear power technological progress and industrialization development, and accelerates Cultivate specialized talents in nuclear power.---The competent energy department of the State Council and relevant departments of the State Council promote the development of the energy market, rationally arrange trading institutions and trading platforms, and guide the formulation of energy market setup plans and market rules.
Clean energy technology priorities: 
The state formulates energy technology economic policies, conducts economic evaluation of new technology routes, encourages and supports the research, development, and application of energy science and technology, and promotes independent innovation and industrialization of energy science and technology.---The state encourages and promotes energy technology innovation, promotes the establishment of an enterprise-based, market-oriented, energy technology innovation system that combines production, education and research, and adopts measures to promote the research and development, demonstration, promotion and application of new energy technologies, new products and new equipment. People's governments at or above the county level and their relevant departments organize the promotion and application of outstanding achievements in the energy sector that have achieved original innovation, integrated innovation, and introduction, absorption, and re-innovation.
R&D renewable energy: 
The state [...] encourages and supports the research, development, and application of energy science and technology, and promotes independent innovation and industrialization of energy science and technology.