Meta Data
Title in national language: 
Концепция развития топливно-энергетического комплекса Республики Казахстан до 2030 года
Draft: 
No
Revision of previous policy?: 
No
Draft Year: 
2014
Effective Start Year: 
2014
Effective End Year: 
2030
Scope: 
National
Document Type: 
Plan/Strategy
Economic Sector: 
Energy
Energy Types: 
All
Issued by: 
Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan
Overall Summary: 
It is a strategic policy document developed in response to existing environmental concerns. Main objectives and areas of concern are represented by the development of an appropriate regulatory framework and incentives on sustainable and renewable energy, the adapatation to climate change and the addressing of the challenges associated with reducing carbon dependency. The Concept aims to increase efficiency in resources utilization, proposes measures for modernization of existing infrastructure, protection of the environment, in a broader term, for enhancing the energy security of Kazakhstan. The Concept analyzes existing environmental threats, in response to these issues requires to formulate effective policy measures coherent with global initiatives.
Efficiency
EE priorities: 
[T]he policy proposes cross-cutting measures to improve energy efficiency. --- In coherence with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan on Energy Conservation and Improving Energy Efficiency and the Law on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan on Energy Conservation and Improving Energy Efficiency (2012), the policy aims to tighten rules and establish norms for specific categories of goods and services, to introduce efficiency standards in transport, to set out the requirements for energy audit.
EE targets: 
Energy intensity of GDP is forecast to decrease by not less than 10 per cent by 2015 and by not less than 25 per cent by 2020.
EE public awareness/promotional programmes: 
As stipulated by art. 2, section ‘Energy Efficiency and Energy Conservation’, a broad campaign will be carried out to build awareness an a nation-wide scale.
Renewable Energy
RE priorities: 
Regulatory efforts aim to encourage the uptake of solar, wind, hydro and nuclear energy in Kazakhstan.
RE targets: 
Art.1, section ‘Power Generation’. In response to existing environmental concerns, the policy stresses the need for untapping the potential of clean energy generation. Comprehensive measures to support renewable and alternative electricity generation are expected to bring numerous environmental benefits. In accordance with the Concept of Transition of the Republic of Kazakhstan to Green Economy, by 2030, renewable and alternative power generation shall account for 30 per cent and by 2050, 50 per cent of total electricity generation. Estimates show that solar energy generation potential is estimated as 2,5 bln. kWth per year, wind power generation - as 1 820 bln. kWth. River hydroenergy potential - largely remaining unleashed - is equal to 55 bln.kWh, for small rivers – 7.6 bln. kWth per year.
Energy Supply and Infrastructure
Infrastructure development priorities: 
Regulatory efforts aim to encourage the uptake of solar, wind, hydro and nuclear energy in Kazakhstan. ---The Concept points the way for the next leap in infrastructure development, the focus is made on the area of gas transportation. Sector-specific challenges that constrain the expansion of domestic demand for sales gas are associated with lack of infrastructural capacities. Deeper integration and enhanced connectivity are required to boost trade is sales gas within the country.
Trade
Energy trade priorities: 
Premised on a set of relatively optimistic conditions, export of crude oil is forecast to remain considerably high – about 85 per cent. Among Kazakhstan’s major trade partners are Italy, the Netherlands, France, Austria, Switzerland (about 55 mln. t.) and China (11 mln.).
Governance
Energy management principles: 
The policy articulates the need for a drastic change in existing energy model: steps have to be taken towards diversification of the energy mix, expanding productive capacities, technological innovation and introduction of energy-conserving – green - technologies.
National policy structure: 
The Concept builds on provisions of the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan on Subsoil and Use of Subsoil Resources (25 June 2010), the Law on Gas and Gas Supply (9 January 2012), the Law on Utilization of Nuclear Energy (14 April 1997), the Law on Nuclear Safety of the Population (23 April 1998), the Law on Technical Regulation (9 November 2004), the Law on Export Control (21 July 2007), the Power Act of the Republic of Kazakhstan (9 July 2004), the Law on Natural Monopolies and Regulated Markets (9 July 1998), the Law on Promotion of Renewable Sources of Energy (4 July 2009), the Law on Concessions (7 July 2006), etc.
Technology
Low-emission and cleaner coal technology: 
[I]n the current economic context, coal is foreseen to play an essential role in power generation within the period until 2030. A more balanced approach to developing the coal industry in Kazakhstan is based on broader deployment of eco-friendly technologies. The policy reviews a number of initiatives to support the application of cleaner and more efficient coal technologies, for instance, measures to accelerate coal upgrading technologies. Economic viability issues are primarily brought to the fore in this regard.
Natural gas transportation technology: 
The Concept points the way for the next leap in infrastructure development, the focus is made on the area of gas transportation. Sector-specific challenges that constrain the expansion of domestic demand for sales gas are associated with lack of infrastructural capacities. Deeper integration and enhanced connectivity are required to boost trade is sales gas within the country.