Meta Data
Title in national language: 
Концепция долгосрочного социально-экономического развития Российской Федерации на период до 2020 года
Revision of previous policy?: 
Draft Year: 
Effective Start Year: 
Effective End Year: 
Document Type: 
Overarching Policy, Other
Economic Sector: 
Energy, Power, Multi-Sector
Energy Types: 
All, Oil, Power, Gas, Renewable, Hydropower, Other
Issued by: 
Government of the Russian Federation
No English translation available
Overall Summary: 
In 2008, the Concept of Long-term Social and Economic Development was adopted to define the national strategic priorities up to 2020. The Concept identifies key action areas to achieve progress towards sustainable and equitable economic growth and inclusive social development. --- The introductory part of the policy provides an overview of the development path pursued by the country over the past several decades bringing to the fore persistent and emerging challenges. Of a key concern are the issues of harnessing innovative potential and developing human capital. Other objectives of the policy focus on enabling favorable conditions for business and financial markets, ensuring macroeconomic stability, modernization of agricultural and industrial sectors, developing transport infrastructure and enhancing disaster preparedness and response capacities. Vast potential exist for increasing productivity and improving living standards. To achieve significant progress in pursuit of these goals considerable shift needs to be made towards balanced and diversified growth model. ---- Provisions are made in relation to national environmental priorities. Standards of permissible impact on the environment shall be introduced. The policy seeks to support energy conservation initiatives through broader deployment of cleaner, sustainable and more efficient technologies. The Concept sets out institutional and regulatory frameworks for strengthening resilience and sustainability of national ecosystems, supporting biodiversity conservation and addressing climate-related risks. --- As the leading national development authority, the Ministry of Economic Development in collaboration with relevant government bodies will develop a long-term forecast plan for economic and social development until 2030 - for being approved by the Government of the Russian Federation.
EE targets: 
The policy stipulates that exploring innovative technological solutions might help reduce energy intensity of GDP 1.6 – 1.8 times. The share of industrial enterprises supporting broader deployment of energy efficient technologies shall increase by 40-50 per cent.
Renewable Energy
RE priorities: 
Renewable energy sources to be comprehensively harnessed. Given that current levels of economic diversification are relatively low, the Russian Federation - being a resource-rich country - remains heavily reliant on production of conventional fossil fuels. This dependency poses serious risks on the national energy sector and national economy as a whole. Along with improving the utilization of vast mineral resources through technological advancement and innovative development, the policy seeks to transform the national energy sector towards scaling up renewable energy programs.
RE targets: 
Power generation from renewable sources will increase from 8 bln. kWh in 2007 to 80 bln. kWh in 2020 (excluding large- and mid-scale hydropower plants).
Energy environmental priorities: 
The policy analyzes threats to national environmental security and outlines ways to tackle the pressing issues. It is underscored that ensuring complete integration of environmental dimensions into the national development strategy is a key enabler for inclusive and resilient growth. Art. 11 brings to the fore existing environmental vulnerabilities, including, inter alia, adverse effects of climate change on human health, ecosystem degradation, water and air pollution. National environmental governance will address these challenges through 1) reduction of anthropogenic effects on the environment, 2) creation of sustainable habitats, 3) ensuring environmental efficiency of the national economy, 4) measures for nature conservation and restoration. Exploring innovative solutions for industrial modernization, broader deployment of cleaner energy efficient technologies are considered crucial priorities. The article covers policy options (as well as financial instruments) designed to facilitate energy efficiency projects. Broader deployment of renewable energy is given particular consideration as well. As provided by Art. 11, sizable industrial emission reductions will be achieved - through tax policy measures (Art. 2).
Energy Supply and Infrastructure
Infrastructure development priorities: 
Art. 5. As presently oil and gas and mining industries account for about 28-30 per cent of national GDP, the policy stresses the need for diversifying the national economy away from natural resource industries. Projections show, by 2020, the share of oil and gas sector will account for 10-12 per cent, while the share of high technology industry is expected to achieve 17-19 per cent. ---The concept identifies existing vulnerabilities and explicitly recognizes the need to diversify away from natural resource-heavy industries. Currently Russia’s export portfolio is concentrated on a number of natural-resource commodities (Challenge four). The heightened uncertainty resulting from the volatility of world energy markets amplifies the weaknesses of the resource-intensive of model of growth. Regulatory efforts thereby focus on increasing the competitiveness of Russia’s fuel and energy sector by means of technological modernization and infrastructure development.
Energy trade priorities: 
Art. 4. Given the need to cope with economic imbalances, the Russian Federation is likely to continue its policy on diversification of the national energy mix. On the other hand, economic growth could be achieved by deepening cooperation in the region and increasing supplies of energy carriers to world’s largest consumers.
Energy sector investment priorities: 
Art. 2. The policy examines measures to diversify future engines of growth. Given the volatility of global energy markets, it is essential to improve sustainability and efficiency of the national energy sector. Prudent investment in modernization of existing energy infrastructure is considered crucial to reduce vulnerability of the national energy sector.
Public Private Partnerships: 
The policy seeks to strengthen the existing mechanisms of public private partnerships considering it the key for unveiling an ambitious economic growth and social development agenda.
Energy management principles: 
The policy addresses the issues that impede environmentally sustainable growth, and in response to existing challenges places a considerable emphasis on accelerating the deployment of renewable energy and enhancing energy efficiency. In the current economic climate stimulating the growth of energy prices, these priorities are considered essential (Art. 2 ‘Challenges for the Forthcoming Period’).
R&D energy efficiency: 
The document reflects the responses made to the global economic and environmental challenges to bolster defenses in the context of global economic uncertainty. The policy elaborates on options for maintaining and enhancing competitiveness of national economy through introduction of advanced, cleaner and more efficient technologies, including technologies for conservation of energy.