Meta Data
Title in national language: 
能源发展“十三五”规划
Draft: 
No
Revision of previous policy?: 
No
Draft Year: 
2016
Effective Start Year: 
2016
Effective End Year: 
2020
Scope: 
National
Document Type: 
Plan/Strategy
Economic Sector: 
Energy, Power, Industry, Transport, Building, Multi-Sector
Energy Types: 
All, Coal, Oil, Power, Gas, Nuclear, Renewable, Bioenergy, Geothermal, Hydropower, Solar, Wave and Tidal, Wind
Issued by: 
National Energy Administration
Overall Summary: 
Based on the China's 13th Five-Year Plan for the Economic and Social Development, the plan clarifies the energy development outline and guidance for 2016-2020, aims to optimize energy system, promote energy product and consumption reform, and build a clean, decarbonized, safe and efficient modern energy system. The plan proposes that by 2020 the total energy consumption should be controlled within 5 billion tons of coal, during the “13th Five-Year Plan” period, total energy consumption grows by more than 2.5% per year and GDP per unit of energy use should fall by 15%. In order to achieve clean and low-carbon development and to optimize the energy structure, during the "13th Five-Year Plan" period, non-fossil energy consumption increase should be more than 15%, natural gas consumption should reach 10%, the proportion of coal consumption fell below 58%.
Access
Energy access priorities: 
In the areas where natural gas pipeline network is not covered, promote liquefied natural gas, compressed natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas direct supply, ensure gas supply for civil use.
Energy service quality targets: 
Establish a well-structured, advanced, reliable, economically efficient and environmentally friendly new grid, ensure that the average annual power outage in the central city (district) shall not exceed 1 hour; in urban places shall not exceed 10 hours, and in rural areas no more than 24 hours, the integrated voltage qualification rate should reach 97%, three-phase electric power should be fully covered. ---By 2020, a stable and reliable power supply service should be covered in rural areas, power supply capacity and service level should be significantly improved, rural power supply reliability rate should be 99.8%, the integrated voltage qualification rate should be 97.9%[...].
Efficiency
EE priorities: 
Ensure the energy security[...]improve the energy efficiency[...] ---Adhere to conservation priorities, strengthen guidance and restraint mechanisms, and suppress unreasonable energy consumption [...] build economically efficient energy utilisation models[...] --- Make total energy consumption and energy consumption intensity as important constraint criteria for economic and social development[...]. Adjust the industrial structure, comprehensively use economic, legal and other measures to effectively promote the energy efficiency and emission reduction in the field of industry, construction, transportation and other key areas[...]. ---Improve coal energy consumption, environmental protection and other access standards, speed up the elimination of backward production capacity, [...].
EE targets: 
Energy systems efficiency: the GDP per unit of energy use should be reduced 15% compared to that in 2015, in the field of coal power, average power consumption should decrease to less than 310 grams of coal per kilowatt-hour, and the electrical line loss should be controlled within 6.5% [by 2020]. ---[...] By 2020 coal-fired power installed capacity should be controlled within 1.1 billion kilowatts. --- Energy-saving and emission reduction transformation: during the "13th Five-Year Plan" period, complete 420 million kilowatts coal-fired power transformation with ultra-low emissions, 340 million kilowatts of energy-saving transformation.
EE action plans: 
Promote the use of energy efficient products and equipments, develop efficient boilers, efficient internal combustion engines, efficient motors and high efficiency transformers. promote the transformation of high energy consumption equipment, promote energy-saving appliances and green lighting, and constantly improve energy efficiency equipment. Improve building energy efficiency standards, accelerate the transformation of building energy efficiency, promote heating metering, improve the green building standard system, promote ultra-low energy consumption building. Vigorously develop urban public transport, improve the proportion of green travel. --- Establish innovative production and living energy models. Implement industrial energy saving, green building, green transport and other clean energy-saving actions. Improve the energy-saving standard system, vigorously develop and promote energy-efficient and efficient technology and products[...].
Renewable Energy
RE priorities: 
Conventional hydropower. Adhere to the ecological priority, overall planning, orderly implement large hydropower base construction, speed up the construction of leading hydropower stations, control small hydropower development. ---Adjust the optimization of wind power development and layout,[...]vigorously develop decentralized wind power, steadily construct wind power base, and actively develop offshore wind power ---Biomass and others: active develop biomass liquid fuel, gas fuel, solid molding fuel. Promote biogas power generation, biomass gasification power generation, rational distribute garbage power generation. Orderly develop biomass direct combustion power generation, biomass coupled power generation. According to local conditions, develop biomass cogeneration. Speed up the geothermal energy and comprehensive marine development and utilization. ---Take effective measures to promote rural areas of solar energy, wind energy, small hydropower, agriculture and forestry waste, farm waste, geothermal energy and other renewable energy development and utilization, promote rural clean energy, accelerate rural heating power replacement. Encourage the combination of distributed photovoltaic power generation and the development of facilities agriculture, vigorously promote the use of solar water heaters, small wind power and other small energy facilities to achieve diversification of rural energy supply, promote green energy rural construction. ---Optimize the layout of solar energy development, give priority to the development of distributed photovoltaic power generation, [...]
RE targets: 
By 2020, conventional hydropower scale will be 340 million kilowatts, during the "13th Five-Year Plan" period, the newly construct hydropower scale should be more than 60 million kilowatts. --- By 2020, wind power installed capacity should be more than 210 million kilowatts, wind power and coal electricity feed-in tariff should be basically the same. --- By 2020, the scale of solar power generation should reach 110 million kilowatts, among which 60 million kilowatts come from distributed photovoltaic, 45 million from kilowatts photovoltaic power plant, 5 million kilowatts from thermal power generation,[...] --- By 2020, the scale of biomass power generation capacity of about 15 million kilowatts, geothermal energy utilization should reach more than 70 million TCE.
RE action plans: 
Encourage residents to participate in roof photovoltaic solar power production and other forms of clean energy production, increase the income of residents, sharing energy development results. --- [...]Scientifically arrange the construction schedule of large-scale hydropower bases such as Jinsha River, Yalong River and Dadu River, rationally develop the hydropower base of the upper reaches of the Yellow River, and further demonstrate the construction of the southwest water and electricity connection base. Innovate the development mode of hydropower development, explore the establishment of long-term mechanism of sharing revenue and development of hydropower development, protect the legitimate rights and interests of migrants in the reservoir area.---Encourage residents to participate in roof photovoltaic solar power production and other forms of clean energy production, increase the income of residents, sharing energy development results.
Environment
Energy environmental priorities: 
Energy-saving and low-carbon:[...] Significantly improve environmental performance and protection in energy sector, reduce pollutant emissions of coal-fired power plants, and achieve ultra-low emissions reform for coal-fired units with retrofit conditions. --- Support the environmental reclamation of coal mines
Pollution level targets, PM10, PM2.5, SOx, NOx: 
By 2020, for the average power supply coal consumption of coal-fired units [...] the sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and soot concentration should be no more than 35 mg, 50 mg and 10 mg per cubic meter.
GHG emissions reduction targets: 
CO2 emissions per GDP should decrease by 18% compared to 2015
Carbon markets: 
Develop energy futures market. Carry out pilot projects with energy rights to promote the construction of a unified national carbon emissions trading market.
Land use change for energy production purposes: 
Conventional hydropower. Adhere to the ecological priority, overall planning, orderly implement large hydropower base construction, speed up the construction of leading hydropower stations, control small hydropower development. [...]Scientifically arrange the construction schedule of large-scale hydropower bases such as Jinsha River, Yalong River and Dadu River, rationally develop the hydropower base of the upper reaches of the Yellow River, and further demonstrate the construction of the southwest water and electricity connection base. Innovate the development mode of hydropower development, explore the establishment of long-term mechanism of sharing revenue and development of hydropower development, protect the legitimate rights and interests of migrants in the reservoir area. --- Support the environmental reclamation of coal mines
Energy-water nexus: 
Conventional hydropower. Adhere to the ecological priority, overall planning, orderly implement large hydropower base construction, speed up the construction of leading hydropower stations, control small hydropower development. [...]Scientifically arrange the construction schedule of large-scale hydropower bases such as Jinsha River, Yalong River and Dadu River, rationally develop the hydropower base of the upper reaches of the Yellow River, and further demonstrate the construction of the southwest water and electricity connection base. Innovate the development mode of hydropower development, explore the establishment of long-term mechanism of sharing revenue and development of hydropower development, protect the legitimate rights and interests of migrants in the reservoir area.
Pricing
Energy pricing: 
Actively promote the reform of natural gas prices, promote the construction of natural gas market, establish a price mechanism linked with gas and electricity, reduce the comprehensive natural gas costs, expand of natural gas consumption scale. ---explore the establishment of flexible and adjustable cross-regional transmission price formation mechanism[...] ---Promote energy price reform, establish an energy price mechanism that reasonably reflects the scarcity of energy resources, market supply and demand, eco-environmental value and intergenerational compensation costs, properly handle and gradually reduce cross-subsidization, and give full play to the role of price leverage. Liberalize the power, oil and gas prices, strictly supervise and inspect the governmental pricing in the field of electricity, oil and gas transmission and distribution aspects. Study and establish transmission and distribution price mechanism to effectively control the investment and cost of grid and oil and gas pipeline network, implement rational price mechanism for peak and valley time, promote seasonal prices[...]. ---Introduce oil and gas system reform program, and gradually expand the scope of reform pilot. ---Improve power tariff policy for the environmentally-friendly desulfurization, denitrification, dust removal and ultra-low emissions electricity. Strengthen the operation of inspection. Implement price, tax and finance related reform to promote energy conservation and emission reduction
Energy Supply and Infrastructure
Energy supply priorities: 
Energy security: energy self-sufficiency rate should be more than 80%, enhance strategic energy security [...] ---Energy supply capacity: maintain steady growth in energy supply, the domestic primary energy production should be equal to 4 billion tons of coal, of which 3.9 billion tons of coal, 200 million tons of crude oil, 220 billion cubic meters of natural gas, 750 million tons of non-fossil fuels. ---Implement electricity replacement projects. Actively promote the residents living, industrial and agricultural production, transportation and other fields of alternative energy. Promote the electric boilers, electric kiln, electric heating and others. Focusing on Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and the surrounding areas, speed up the rural heating electricity replacement. By 2020, energy consumption in final energy consumption should be increased to more than 27%. ---Continue to strengthen the domestic conventional oil and gas resources exploration and development, increase shale gas, shale oil, coal bed methane and other unconventional oil and gas resources investigation and evaluation, and actively expand the scale of development and utilization, in order to meet the demand for domestic oil and gas security. ---During the “13th Five-Year Plan” period, the newly increasing proven oil reserves will be about 5 billion tons, and the annual output should be about 200 million tons. --- By 2020, conventional natural gas production should reach 170 billion cubic meters, shale gas production 30 billion cubic meters, coalbed methane (coal mine gas) utilization 16 billion cubic meters.
Energy mix: 
Energy consumption structure: Non-fossil energy consumption should increase to more than 15%, the proportion of natural gas consumption to 10%, the proportion of coal consumption should reduce to 58% or less. The coal for power generation should be more than 55%
Infrastructure development priorities: 
Strengthen the power system peaking capacity building: speed up the construction of large-scale pumped storage power station, [...]natural gas peaking power station and other high-quality peaking power supply, enforce the flexibility of existing combined heat and power unit, coal-fired generating units, improve power system peaking performance[...] ---Charging infrastructure construction: construct "four vertical and four horizontal" intercity electric vehicle fast charging network, setup more than 800 intercity fast charging station. The new centralized recharge station will be more than 12,000, decentralized charging pile more than 4.8 million, to meet the national level needs for 5 million electric vehicle charging. ---[...]further adjust and improve the main grid. [...]Actively promote large-scale hydropower base delivery channel construction, give priority to solve the Yunnan, Sichuan hydro power curtailment problem and the overproduced electricity in northeastern region. ---Increase investment, fully implement urban and rural grid transformation operations, create a modern distribution network, encourage qualified areas to carry out more complementary integration optimization micro-grid demonstration applications. In the “13th Five-Year Plan” period, the new inter-provincial transmission capacity will increase about 130 million kilowatts. ---Balance oilfield development, crude oil import and refinery construction layout, focusing on the Yangtze River economic zone and coastal areas, strengthen regional interconnection, improve the coastal large-scale crude oil dock and land access and transfer channels to speed up the improvement of the northeast, northwest, Southwest land import channel, improve the crude oil supply capacity. [...]rationally plan natural gas pipeline network, speed up the construction of backbone network, optimize the regional branch pipe network construction, [...]achieve regional network interconnection. ---[...]By 2020, the total length of crude oil and refined oil pipeline will reach 32,000 and 33,000 km respectively, and the annual oil capacity will reach 650 million and 300 million tons respectively. The total length of natural gas pipeline will reach 100,000 km, and the annual capacity of brunches will be more than 400 billion cubic meters Meter. ---By 2020, crude oil, refined oil pipeline total length should be 32,000 and 33,000 km respectively, the annual oil transport capacity should be 650 million and 300 million tons; natural gas pipeline total length 100,000 km, annual gas transmission capacity of branch pipelines should be more than 4000 Billion cubic meters. ---Optimize LNG receiving station layout, in the Bohai Rim, Yangtze River Delta, southeast coastal areas, give priority to expand the built of LNG receiving station storage capacity, appropriately build new LNG receiving station [...] ---Continue to arrange governmental budget to support the rural power grids upgrading, oil and gas reserve base construction, coal mine safety transformation.
Cross-border energy infrastructure: 
Speed up the energy cooperation projects, and promote the energy infrastructure interconnection with the nations along "One belt One Route". Research and promote cross-border transmission channel construction, and actively carry out the power upgrading grid corporation.
Cooperation in connectivity: 
Speed up the energy cooperation projects, and promote the energy infrastructure interconnection with the nations along "One belt One Route". Research and promote cross-border transmission channel construction, and actively carry out the power upgrading grid corporation. ---Encourage participation in foreign major power projects, in accordance with local conditions to participate in investment and construction of new energy projects, orderly development of foreign power grid project investment, construction and operation.
Trade
Energy trade priorities: 
Speed up the construction of the electricity market, foster the electricity auxiliary service market, establish the renewable energy quota system and the green electricity certificate trading system, promote the construction of the natural gas trading center
Investment
Energy sector investment priorities: 
Increase investment, fully implement urban and rural grid transformation operations, create a modern distribution network, encourage qualified areas to carry out more complementary integration optimization micro-grid demonstration applications. [...] ---Continue to arrange governmental budget to support the rural power grids upgrading, oil and gas reserve base construction, coal mine safety transformation.
Investment climate development: 
Accelerate the formation of an unified and open, competitive and orderly modern energy market system. Liberalize the competitive areas, implement a unified market access system to promote diversification of energy investment, and actively support the private economy into the energy sector, improve the market exit mechanism. ---Improve the energy market regulatory mechanism, strengthen management and inspection for monopoly business affairs regulation, standardize the competitive business market order.
Governance
Energy management principles: 
[...]Strengthen energy strategic planning, organize energy development major strategic issues to enhance the national energy strategy decision-making ability.
Coordination with regional energy associations: 
Actively participate in global energy governance. Pragmatically participate in major energy affairs and regulation and rules making progress of G20, APEC, the International Energy Agency(IEA), the International Renewable Energy Agency(IRENA), Energy Charter and other international platforms and institutions. Strengthen cooperation with regional organizations such as the Association of Southeast Asian Nations(ASEAN), the League of Arab States and the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, and coordinate with each other in the field of regional energy security through infrastructure interconnection, market integration and trade facilitation measures. Explore the construction of the global energy interconnection.
M&E of policy implementation: 
Establish a dynamic evaluation mechanism for energy planning. At the medium term of energy planning implementation, authorities should organize evaluation programme for implementation situations. And according it, make necessary adjustment for the plan.[...]
Statistics collection and management: 
Actively promote the "Internet +" intelligent energy development. Speed up the development of energy in all areas, promote the “smart development” for all aspects of the implementation, promote intelligent transformation for energy production and utilization, promote energy monitoring, energy measurement, scheduling operation and management of intelligent system construction, improve sustainable energy development[...] Expand intelligent metering and other metering facilities, intelligent information systems, intelligent energy facilities. Improve the interactivities between power grid side and the demand side. Promote deep integration between energy and information, materials, biology and other areas. Balance energy and communications, transportation and other infrastructure construction[...]. ---Improve energy standards, statistics and measurement system, revise and improve the energy industry standards, build a national energy data research platform, comprehensively use advanced technologies such as Internet, Big data, cloud computing and others to strengthen the energy economy analysis and forecasting, significantly improve energy Data statistical analysis and decision support capacity.
Technology
Clean energy technology priorities: 
Nuclear power: safely and efficiently develop nuclear power, [...]construct a number of advanced third generation pressurized water reactor nuclear power project in the coastal areas[...] By 2020, nuclear power installed capacity should reach 58 million kilowatts, nuclear power installed capacity should be more than 30 million kilowatts. ---Further stimulate the potential of energy companies, universities and research institutions of innovation potential, promote public entrepreneurship, innovation, encourage cooperation, establish a number of technological innovation alliance, promote technological integration and innovation. ---Strengthen the innovation capacity in key areas such as energy equipment, focusing on breakthroughs in energy equipment manufacturing key technologies, materials and parts and others[...]speed up intelligent manufacturing upgrades in the field of renewable energy to enhance the development of the quality and the efficiency of the whole industry chain. ---Construct a number of innovative demonstration projects to promote advanced production capacity in the fields of oil and gas exploration and development, coal processing and transformation, efficient clean power generation, new energy development and utilization, smart grid, advanced nuclear power, large-scale energy storage, flexible high Voltage Direct Current, hydrogen production Construction, improve energy technology independent innovation capability and equipment manufacturing localization level.
Clean energy technology deployment: 
With the support of smart grid, energy microgrid, electric vehicle and energy storage technology, we can develop distributed energy network [...] ---accelerate the development of smart grid, and actively promote the intelligent substation, and intelligent dispatch system construction [...]
Low-emission and cleaner coal technology: 
Actively promote the application of clean coal technology, vigorously develop coal washing processing, ensure that by 2020, the selection rate will be at least 75%.
Natural gas transportation technology: 
[...]rationally plan natural gas pipeline network, speed up the construction of backbone network, optimize the regional branch pipe network construction, [...]achieve regional network interconnection.
Technology collaboration with other member States: 
Speed up the energy cooperation projects, and promote the energy infrastructure interconnection with the nations along "One belt One Route". Research and promote cross-border transmission channel construction, and actively carry out the power upgrading grid corporation. ---Encourage participations in foreign major power projects, in accordance with local conditions to participate in investment and construction of new energy projects, orderly development of foreign power grid project investment, construction and operation. ---Strengthen international cooperation in energy technology, equipment and engineering services, deepen the level of cooperation, promote the digestion of key technologies, and absorb energy innovation
Industrialization support: 
---Strengthen the innovation capacity in key areas such as energy equipment, focusing on breakthroughs in energy equipment manufacturing key technologies, materials and parts and others[...]speed up intelligent manufacturing upgrades in the field of renewable energy to enhance the development of the quality and the efficiency of the whole industry chain. ---Optimize the layout of solar energy development, give priority to the development of distributed photovoltaic power generation, expand the diversified "PV +" use, and promote the development of large-scale photovoltaic